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DBMS > Hive vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. RDF4J

System Properties Comparison Hive vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. RDF4J

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHive  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparison
Descriptiondata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
RDF store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score62.59
Rank#18  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Score29.85
Rank#27  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score0.71
Rank#231  Overall
#9  RDF stores
Websitehive.apache.orgazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbrdf4j.org
Technical documentationcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homelearn.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbrdf4j.org/­documentation
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookMicrosoftSince 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.
Initial release201220142004
Current release3.1.3, April 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercialOpen Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJava
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMhostedLinux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes infoRDF Schemas
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoJSON typesyes
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsSQL-like query languageno
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Thrift
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
Supported programming languagesC++
Java
PHP
Python
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Java
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceJavaScriptyes
TriggersnoJavaScriptyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factoryes infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReducewith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*no
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACID infoIsolation support depends on the API used
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as well
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and rolesAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelno

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More resources
HiveMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame
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