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DBMS > Hive vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

System Properties Comparison Hive vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

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Our visitors often compare Hive and Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB with PostgreSQL, Snowflake and Cassandra.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHive  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparison
Descriptiondata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database service
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score61.17
Rank#18  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Score29.04
Rank#27  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Websitehive.apache.orgazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-db
Technical documentationcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homelearn.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-db
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookMicrosoft
Initial release20122014
Current release3.1.3, April 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJava
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMhosted
Data schemeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoJSON types
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by default
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Thrift
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Supported programming languagesC++
Java
PHP
Python
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceJavaScript
TriggersnoJavaScript
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factoryes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReducewith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partition
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and rolesAccess rights can be defined down to the item level

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More resources
HiveMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
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