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DBMS > Hive vs. Microsoft Access vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Hive vs. Microsoft Access vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHive  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
Descriptiondata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)Widely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score71.17
Rank#15  Overall
#10  Relational DBMS
Score118.45
Rank#11  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Score542.29
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitehive.apache.orgwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­microsoft-365/­accesswww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homedeveloper.microsoft.com/­en-us/­accesswww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookMicrosoftPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release201219921989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release3.1.2, August 20191902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 201912.4, August 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial infoBundled with Microsoft OfficeOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++C
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMWindows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLsFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Thrift
ADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC++
Java
PHP
Python
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersnoyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonepartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factornoneSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReducenono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACID infobut no files for transaction loggingACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and rolesno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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