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DBMS > Hive vs. LevelDB vs. OrientDB vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison Hive vs. LevelDB vs. OrientDB vs. SQLite

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHive  Xexclude from comparisonLevelDB  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
Descriptiondata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopEmbeddable fast key-value storage library that provides an ordered mapping from string keys to string valuesMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)Widely used embeddable, in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score84.74
Rank#14  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Score2.90
Rank#98  Overall
#17  Key-value stores
Score4.05
Rank#82  Overall
#13  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Score129.37
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Websitehive.apache.orggithub.com/­google/­leveldborientdb.orgwww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homegithub.com/­google/­leveldb/­blob/­master/­doc/­index.mdwww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.htmlwww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookGoogleOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAPDwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release2012201120102000
Current release3.1.2, August 20191.23, February 20213.1.9, February 20213.36.0  (18 June 2021), June 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoBSDOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++JavaC
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMIllumos
Linux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)server-less
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")yes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsnoSQL-like query language, no joinsyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Thrift
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languagesC++
Java
PHP
Python
C++
Go
Java info3rd party binding
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Python info3rd party binding
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reducenoJava, Javascriptno
TriggersnonoHooksyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factornoneMulti-source replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReducenono infocould be achieved with distributed queriesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes inforelationship in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanonoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infowith automatic compression on writesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and rolesnoAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurableno

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