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DBMS > Hive vs. LevelDB vs. Microsoft Access vs. ToroDB

System Properties Comparison Hive vs. LevelDB vs. Microsoft Access vs. ToroDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHive  Xexclude from comparisonLevelDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonToroDB  Xexclude from comparison
Descriptiondata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopEmbeddable fast key-value storage library that provides an ordered mapping from string keys to string valuesMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)A MongoDB-compatible JSON document store, built on top of PostgreSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMSDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score85.38
Rank#14  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Score2.88
Rank#88  Overall
#16  Key-value stores
Score125.14
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Score0.07
Rank#297  Overall
#39  Document stores
Websitehive.apache.orggithub.com/­google/­leveldbproducts.office.com/­en-us/­accesswww.torodb.com
Technical documentationcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homegithub.com/­google/­leveldb/­blob/­master/­doc/­index.mdmsdn.microsoft.com/­en-us/­library/­office/­ff604965.aspxwww.torodb.com/­stampede/­docs
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookGoogleMicrosoft8Kdata
Initial release2012201119922016
Current release3.1.2, August 20191.22, May 20191902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoBSDcommercial infoBundled with Microsoft OfficeOpen Source infoAGPL-V3
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++C++Java
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMIllumos
Linux
OS X
Windows
Windows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLsAll OS with a Java 7 VM
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyes infostring, integer, double, boolean, date, object_id
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsnoyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standard
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Thrift
ADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languagesC++
Java
PHP
Python
C++
Go
Java info3rd party binding
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Python info3rd party binding
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reducenoyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engine
Triggersnonoyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonenoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factornonenoneMaster-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReducenono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanonoACID infobut no files for transaction loggingno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infowith automatic compression on writesyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and rolesnono infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003Access rights for users and roles

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More resources
HiveLevelDBMicrosoft AccessToroDB
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