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DBMS > Hive vs. Impala vs. TerarkDB vs. TimesTen

System Properties Comparison Hive vs. Impala vs. TerarkDB vs. TimesTen

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHive  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonTerarkDB  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparison
Descriptiondata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopAnalytic DBMS for HadoopA key-value store forked from RocksDB with advanced compression algorithms. It can be used standalone or as a storage engine for MySQL and MongoDBIn-Memory RDBMS compatible to Oracle
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score81.61
Rank#17  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Score18.03
Rank#40  Overall
#25  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#354  Overall
#54  Key-value stores
Score1.71
Rank#137  Overall
#67  Relational DBMS
Websitehive.apache.orgwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlgithub.com/­Terark/­terarkdbwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.html
Technical documentationcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homedocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmlgithub.com/­Terark/­terarkdb/­wikidocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookClouderaTerarkOracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005
Initial release2012201320161998
Current release3.1.2, August 20194.0.0, July 202111 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2commercial inforestricted open source version availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++C++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinuxAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsSQL-like DML and DDL statementsnoyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Thrift
JDBC
ODBC
C++ API
Java API
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesC++
Java
PHP
Python
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC++
Java
C
C++
Java
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reducenoPL/SQL
Triggersnononono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factorselectable replication factornoneMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReduceyes infoquery execution via MapReducenono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanononoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoby means of logfiles and checkpoints
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and rolesAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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HiveImpalaTerarkDBTimesTen
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