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DBMS > Hive vs. Impala vs. Lovefield

System Properties Comparison Hive vs. Impala vs. Lovefield

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHive  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonLovefield  Xexclude from comparison
Descriptiondata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopAnalytic DBMS for HadoopEmbeddable relational database for web apps written in pure JavaScript
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score84.74
Rank#14  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Score18.68
Rank#38  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score0.39
Rank#255  Overall
#120  Relational DBMS
Websitehive.apache.orgwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlgoogle.github.io/­lovefield
Technical documentationcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homedocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmlgithub.com/­google/­lovefield/­blob/­master/­docs/­spec_index.md
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookClouderaGoogle
Initial release201220132014
Current release3.1.2, August 20193.4.0, April 20202.1.12, February 2017
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++JavaScript
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinuxserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js) infotested with Chrome, Firefox, IE, Safari
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsSQL-like DML and DDL statementsSQL-like query language infovia JavaScript builder pattern
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Thrift
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC++
Java
PHP
Python
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCJavaScript
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceno
TriggersnonoUsing read-only observers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factorselectable replication factornone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReduceyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanonoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes, by using IndexedDB or the cloud service Firebase Realtime Database
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infousing MemoryDB
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and rolesAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosno

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