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DBMS > Hive vs. Ignite vs. Impala vs. VelocityDB

System Properties Comparison Hive vs. Ignite vs. Impala vs. VelocityDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHive  Xexclude from comparisonIgnite  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonVelocityDB  Xexclude from comparison
Descriptiondata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopApache Ignite is a memory-centric distributed database, caching, and processing platform for transactional, analytical, and streaming workloads, delivering in-memory speeds at petabyte scale.Analytic DBMS for HadoopA .NET Object Database that can be embedded/distributed and extended to a graph data model (VelocityGraph)
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMSGraph DBMS
Object oriented DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score85.58
Rank#14  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Score4.85
Rank#74  Overall
#10  Key-value stores
#41  Relational DBMS
Score18.65
Rank#37  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score0.13
Rank#305  Overall
#28  Graph DBMS
#17  Object oriented DBMS
Websitehive.apache.orgignite.apache.orgwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlvelocitydb.com
Technical documentationcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homeapacheignite.readme.io/­docsdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmlvelocitydb.com/­UserGuide
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookApache Software FoundationClouderaVelocityDB Inc
Initial release2012201520132011
Current release3.1.2, August 2019Apache Ignite 2.63.4.0, April 20207.x
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++, Java, .NetC++C#
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
LinuxAny that supports .NET
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsANSI-99 for query and DML statements, subset of DDLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsno
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Thrift
HDFS API
Hibernate
JCache
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data
JDBC
ODBC
.Net
Supported programming languagesC++
Java
PHP
Python
C#
C++
Java
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes (compute grid and cache interceptors can be used instead)yes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceno
Triggersnoyes (cache interceptors and events)noCallbacks are triggered when data changes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factoryes (replicated cache)selectable replication factor
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReduceyes (compute grid and hadoop accelerator)yes infoquery execution via MapReduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and rolesSecurity Hooks for custom implementationsAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and KerberosBased on Windows Authentication

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More resources
HiveIgniteImpalaVelocityDB
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