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DBMS > Hive vs. IBM Cloudant vs. Ignite vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. MonetDB

System Properties Comparison Hive vs. IBM Cloudant vs. Ignite vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. MonetDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHive  Xexclude from comparisonIBM Cloudant  Xexclude from comparisonIgnite  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonMonetDB  Xexclude from comparison
Descriptiondata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopDatabase as a Service offering based on Apache CouchDBApache Ignite is a memory-centric distributed database, caching, and processing platform for transactional, analytical, and streaming workloads, delivering in-memory speeds at petabyte scale.Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceA relational database management system that stores data in columns
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score81.93
Rank#15  Overall
#10  Relational DBMS
Score3.84
Rank#88  Overall
#15  Document stores
Score6.43
Rank#62  Overall
#8  Key-value stores
#34  Relational DBMS
Score39.71
Rank#26  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score1.91
Rank#125  Overall
#60  Relational DBMS
Websitehive.apache.orgwww.ibm.com/­cloud/­cloudantignite.apache.orgazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbwww.monetdb.org
Technical documentationcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homecloud.ibm.com/­docs/­Cloudantapacheignite.readme.io/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbwww.monetdb.org/­Documentation
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookIBM, Apache Software Foundation infoIBM acquired Cloudant in February 2014Apache Software FoundationMicrosoftMonetDB BV
Initial release20122010201520142004
Current release3.1.2, August 2019Apache Ignite 2.6Oct2020-SP2, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoMozilla Public License 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaErlangC++, Java, .NetC
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMhostedLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hostedFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyes infoJSON typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsnoANSI-99 for query and DML statements, subset of DDLSQL-like query languageyes infoSQL 2003 with some extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Thrift
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIHDFS API
Hibernate
JCache
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
JDBC
native C library infoMAPI library (MonetDB application programming interface)
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC++
Java
PHP
Python
C#
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Ruby
C#
C++
Java
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
C
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceView functions (Map-Reduce) in JavaScriptyes (compute grid and cache interceptors can be used instead)JavaScriptyes, in SQL, C, R
Triggersnoyesyes (cache interceptors and events)JavaScriptyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding via remote tables
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factorMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes (replicated cache)yes infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenone infoSource-replica replication available in experimental status
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReduceyesyes (compute grid and hadoop accelerator)with Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*no
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonononoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanono infoatomic operations within a document possibleACIDMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoOptimistic lockingyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and rolesAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseSecurity Hooks for custom implementationsAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
HiveIBM CloudantIgniteMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBMonetDB
Specific characteristicsColumn-store In-memory optimized GeoSpatial support JSON document support
» more
Competitive advantagesScalable architecture - vertical data organization and in-memory optimization guarantee...
» more
Typical application scenariosAnalytical database, Data warehouse, OLAP Data mining Scientific database
» more
Key customersNumascale , Spinque , SecurActive , CHS , NOZHUP
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsFree and open-source software, Mozilla Public License 2.0 Commercial support available
» more

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More resources
HiveIBM CloudantIgniteMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBMonetDB
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