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DBMS > eXtremeDB vs. Heroic vs. Neo4j vs. Stardog vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison eXtremeDB vs. Heroic vs. Neo4j vs. Stardog vs. TiDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameeXtremeDB  Xexclude from comparisonHeroic  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionNatively in-memory DBMS with options for persistency, high-availability and clusteringTime Series DBMS built at Spotify based on Cassandra or Google Cloud Bigtable, and ElasticSearchOpen source graph databaseEnterprise Knowledge Graph and graph DBMS with high availability and high performance reasoningTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Time Series DBMSGraph DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.42
Rank#218  Overall
#104  Relational DBMS
#12  Time Series DBMS
Score0.19
Rank#254  Overall
#17  Time Series DBMS
Score50.56
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score0.78
Rank#167  Overall
#13  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Score1.60
Rank#123  Overall
#60  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.mcobject.com/­extremedbfamilyspotify.github.io/­heroic/­#!/­indexneo4j.comwww.stardog.compingcap.com
Technical documentationwww.mcobject.com/­docs/­eXtremeDB.htmspotify.github.io/­heroic/­#!/­docs/­overviewneo4j.com/­docswww.stardog.com/­docspingcap.com/­docs
DeveloperMcObjectSpotifyNeo4j, Inc.Stardog-UnionPingCAP, Inc.
Initial release20012014200720102016
Current release8.0, May 20183.5.8, July 20196.2.3, July 20193.0.0, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availablecommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/studentsOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: The simplest way to run Neo4j in the cloud
Implementation languageC and C++JavaJava, ScalaJavaGo, Rust
Server operating systemsAIX
HP-UX
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infosupport of XML interfaces availablenono infoImport/export of XML data possibleno
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia Elasticsearchyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatialyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith the option: eXtremeSQLnonoSPARQL is used as query languageyes
APIs and other access methods.NET Client API
JDBC
JNI
ODBC
proprietary protocol
HQL (Heroic Query Language, a JSON-based language)
HTTP API
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
Lua
Python
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsuser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Javano
Triggersyes infoby defining eventsnoyes infovia event handleryes infovia event handlersno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning / shardingShardingnonenonehorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication infoby means of eXtremeDB Cluster option
Master-slave replication infoby means of eXtremeDB High Availability option
yesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMaster-master replication in HA-ClusterUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Causal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency in HA-ClusterImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationships in graphsno infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoOptimistic (MVCC) and pessimistic (locking) strategies availableyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and rolesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
eXtremeDBHeroicNeo4jStardogTiDB
Specific characteristicseXtremeDB is an in-memory and/or persistent database system that offers an ultra-small...
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Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Stardog is a knowledge graph platform backed by a performant, scalable graph database....
» more
TiDB is an open source distributed scalable hybrid transactional and analytical processing...
» more
Competitive advantageseXtremeDB databases can be modeled relationally or as objects and can utilize SQL...
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Stardog is uniquely designed to aid in data integration for your complex data. Benefits...
» more
In the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT application across all markets: Industrial Control, Netcom, Telecom, Defense,...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
TiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersSchneider Electronics, F5 Networks, TNS, Boeing, Northrop Grumman, GoPro, ViaSat,...
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Bank of Beijing (Banking) Mobike (Ridesharing) Toutiao (Media) Ele.me (Catering)...
» more
Market metricsWith hundreds of customers and over 28 million devices/applications using the product...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
InfoWorld’s 2018 Best of Open Source Software Award winners 15000+ stars on GitHub...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsFor server use cases, there is a simple per-server license irrespective of the number...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
Open Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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