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DBMS > Heroic vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. Prometheus vs. QuestDB vs. SAP Advantage Database Server

System Properties Comparison Heroic vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. Prometheus vs. QuestDB vs. SAP Advantage Database Server

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHeroic  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Data Explorer  Xexclude from comparisonPrometheus  Xexclude from comparisonQuestDB  Xexclude from comparisonSAP Advantage Database Server infoformer name: Sybase ADS  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionTime Series DBMS built at Spotify based on Cassandra or Google Cloud Bigtable, and ElasticSearchFully managed big data interactive analytics platformOpen-source TimeSeries DBMS and monitoring systemA high performance open source SQL database for time series dataLow-cost RDBMS with access to ISAM and FoxPro data structures
Primary database modelTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS infocolumn orientedTime Series DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store infoIf a column is of type dynamic docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-types/­dynamic then it's possible to add arbitrary JSON documents in this cell
Event Store infothis is the general usage pattern at Microsoft. Billing, Logs, Telemetry events are stored in ADX and the state of an individual entity is defined by the arg_max(timestamps)
Search engine infosupport for complex search expressions docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­parseoperator FTS, Geospatial docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­geo-point-to-geohash-function distributed search -> ADX acts as a distributed search engine
Time Series DBMS infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorer/­time-series-analysis
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.22
Rank#285  Overall
#25  Time Series DBMS
Score7.54
Rank#58  Overall
#34  Relational DBMS
Score6.13
Rank#67  Overall
#3  Time Series DBMS
Score1.19
Rank#161  Overall
#12  Time Series DBMS
Score3.68
Rank#91  Overall
#47  Relational DBMS
Websitespotify.github.io/­heroic/­#!/­indexazure.microsoft.com/­services/­data-explorerprometheus.ioquestdb.iowww.sap.com/­products/­advantage-database-server.html
Technical documentationspotify.github.io/­heroic/­#!/­docs/­overviewdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorerprometheus.io/­docsquestdb.io/­docs/­introduction
DeveloperSpotifyMicrosoftQuestDB LimitedSybase, SAP
Initial release20142019201520141993
Current releasecloud service with continuous releases
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaGoJava
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Linux
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeFixed schema with schema-less datatypes (dynamic)yesyes infoschema-free via InfluxDB Line Protocolyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infobool, datetime, dynamic, guid, int, long, real, string, timespan, double: docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-typesNumeric data onlyyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno infoImport of XML data possiblenono
Secondary indexesyes infovia Elasticsearchall fields are automatically indexednonoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoKusto Query Language (KQL), SQL subsetnoSQL-like query languageyes
APIs and other access methodsHQL (Heroic Query Language, a JSON-based language)
HTTP API
Microsoft SQL Server communication protocol (MS-TDS)
RESTful HTTP API
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIHTTP REST
InfluxDB Line Protocol (TCP/UDP)
JDBC
.NET Client API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languages.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PowerShell
Python
R
.Net
C++
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
C infoPostgreSQL driver
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Rust infoover HTTP
Delphi
Perl
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoYes, possible languages: KQL, Python, Rnonoyes
Triggersnoyes infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­management/­updatepolicynonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceShardinghorizontal partitioning (by timestamps)none
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.yes infoby FederationConfigurable consistency for N replicasMulti-source replication infoCONFLICT Trigger to resolve replication conflicts
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
noneImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonononoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanononoACID for single-table writesACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nononoyes infothrough memory mapped filesno infocaching of (temporary) tables can be configured
User concepts infoAccess controlAzure Active Directory Authenticationnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
HeroicMicrosoft Azure Data ExplorerPrometheusQuestDBSAP Advantage Database Server infoformer name: Sybase ADS
Specific characteristicsAzure Data Explorer is a fast and highly scalable data exploration service for log...
» more
Relational model with native time series support Column based storage and time partitioned...
» more
Competitive advantagesKusto Query Language (innovative query language, optimized for high performance data...
» more
Real-time data ingestion and istant SQL queries for time series High performance...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT applications IoT devices generate billions of sensor readings. Normalizing and...
» more
Application metrics Financial market data and algo trading DevOps monitoring Real-time...
» more
Key customersMicrosoft, DocuSign, Taboola, Bosch, Siemens Healthineers, Bühler, Ecolab, Zoomd
» more
Market metricsAzure Data Explorer is the data service for Azure Monitor, Azure Time Series Insights,...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAn Azure Data Explorer cluster is a pair of engine and data management clusters which...
» more
Apache 2.0.
» more
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We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
HeroicMicrosoft Azure Data ExplorerPrometheusQuestDBSAP Advantage Database Server infoformer name: Sybase ADS
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