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DBMS > Heroic vs. LevelDB vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. SAP Advantage Database Server vs. Titan

System Properties Comparison Heroic vs. LevelDB vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. SAP Advantage Database Server vs. Titan

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHeroic  Xexclude from comparisonLevelDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonSAP Advantage Database Server infoformer name: Sybase ADS  Xexclude from comparisonTitan  Xexclude from comparison
Titan has been decommisioned after the takeover by Datastax. It will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking. A fork has been open-sourced as JanusGraph.
DescriptionTime Series DBMS built at Spotify based on Cassandra or Google Cloud Bigtable, and ElasticSearchEmbeddable fast key-value storage library that provides an ordered mapping from string keys to string valuesElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerLow-cost RDBMS with access to ISAM and FoxPro data structuresTitan is a Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters.
Primary database modelTime Series DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.07
Rank#315  Overall
#29  Time Series DBMS
Score2.90
Rank#98  Overall
#17  Key-value stores
Score17.27
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score3.89
Rank#86  Overall
#46  Relational DBMS
Websitespotify.github.io/­heroic/­#!/­indexgithub.com/­google/­leveldbazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticswww.sap.com/­products/­advantage-database-server.htmltitan.thinkaurelius.com
Technical documentationspotify.github.io/­heroic/­#!/­docs/­overviewgithub.com/­google/­leveldb/­blob/­master/­doc/­index.mddocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticsgithub.com/­thinkaurelius/­titan/­wiki
DeveloperSpotifyGoogleMicrosoftSybase, SAPAurelius, owned by DataStax
Initial release20142011201619932012
Current release1.23, February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoBSDcommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache license, version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++C++Java
Server operating systemsIllumos
Linux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinux
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyes infovia Elasticsearchnoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyesyesno
APIs and other access methodsHQL (Heroic Query Language, a JSON-based language)
HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
.NET Client API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Java API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
Supported programming languagesC++
Go
Java info3rd party binding
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Python info3rd party binding
C#
Java
PHP
Delphi
Perl
PHP
Clojure
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoTransact SQLyesyes
Triggersnononoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneSharding, horizontal partitioningnoneyes infovia pluggable storage backends
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesnoneyesMulti-source replication infoCONFLICT Trigger to resolve replication conflicts
Source-replica replication
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononoyes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics engine
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsyesyes infoRelationships in graph
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanonoACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infowith automatic compression on writesyesyesyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcast
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono infocaching of (temporary) tables can be configured
User concepts infoAccess controlnoyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUser authentification and security via Rexster Graph Server

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More resources
HeroicLevelDBMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseSAP Advantage Database Server infoformer name: Sybase ADSTitan
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