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DBMS > Hazelcast vs. Neo4j vs. TypeDB

System Properties Comparison Hazelcast vs. Neo4j vs. TypeDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHazelcast  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA widely adopted in-memory data gridScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsTypeDB is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.
Primary database modelKey-value storeGraph DBMSGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Secondary database modelsDocument store infoJSON support with IMDG 3.12
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score9.66
Rank#48  Overall
#6  Key-value stores
Score57.87
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score0.82
Rank#194  Overall
#18  Graph DBMS
#95  Relational DBMS
Websitehazelcast.comneo4j.comvaticle.com
Technical documentationhazelcast.org/­imdg/­docsneo4j.com/­docsdocs.vaticle.com
DeveloperHazelcastNeo4j, Inc.Grakn Labs / Vaticle
Initial release200820072016
Current release4.2, March 20214.3.6, October 20212.3, July 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageJavaJava, ScalaJava
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free and schema-optionalyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infothe object must implement a serialization strategyno
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languagenono
APIs and other access methodsJCache
JPA
Memcached protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
console (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
All JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoEvent Listeners, Executor Servicesyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsno
Triggersyes infoEventsyes infovia event handlerno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingyes using Neo4j FabricSharding infoby using Cassandra
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoReplicated MapCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMulti-source replication infoby using Cassandra
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeeper
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency selectable by user infoRaft Consensus AlgorithmCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoRelationships in graphsno infosubstituted by the relationship feature
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataone or two-phase-commit; repeatable reads; read commitedACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlRole-based access controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)yes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progress
More information provided by the system vendor
HazelcastNeo4jTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
Specific characteristicsHazelcast is an in-memory computing platform that runs applications with extremely...
» more
Neo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
TypeDB is a database technology that serves as the knowledge base foundation to intelligent...
» more
Competitive advantagesHazelcast has an optimized, multi-threaded architecture that enables the highest...
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Neo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Expressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of TypeDB allows for modelling...
» more
Typical application scenariosHazelcast powers many types of large-scale, data processing applications. A sample...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Life sciences : TypeDB makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Key customersHazelcast customers include 50 of the world’s largest financial services companies,...
» more
Over 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsHazelcast provides both open source and commercial software. The open source offering...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
AGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more
News

This Week in Neo4j –Twitch, Stackoverflow, Masterclass, Workshop
15 October 2021

Jim Webber with Asurion’s Julie Fisher on Her Singular Path to Graph
14 October 2021

This Week in Neo4j – GDS 1.7 Features, Knowledge Graph with Spark and Neo4j, Digital Nomad Travel Logs, Link Predictions, Load Data Into AuraDB
9 October 2021

Combining Knowledge Graph and Graph Algorithms to Find Hidden Skills at NASA
8 October 2021

It’s Officially Fall: Let’s Catch Up on What You Missed This Summer
7 October 2021

Related products and services
3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
HazelcastNeo4jTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
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Recent citations in the news

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