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DBMS > Hazelcast vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB

System Properties Comparison Hazelcast vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHazelcast  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA widely adopted in-memory data gridScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)
Primary database modelKey-value storeGraph DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument store infoJSON support with IMDG 3.12
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score9.08
Rank#49  Overall
#6  Key-value stores
Score56.95
Rank#18  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score4.01
Rank#83  Overall
#13  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Websitehazelcast.comneo4j.comorientdb.org
Technical documentationhazelcast.org/­imdg/­docsneo4j.com/­docswww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.html
DeveloperHazelcastNeo4j, Inc.OrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAP
Initial release200820072010
Current release4.2, March 20214.3.2, July 20213.1.9, February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageJavaJava, ScalaJava
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infothe object must implement a serialization strategyno
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languagenoSQL-like query language, no joins
APIs and other access methodsJCache
JPA
Memcached protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoEvent Listeners, Executor Servicesyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsJava, Javascript
Triggersyes infoEventsyes infovia event handlerHooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingyes using Neo4j FabricSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoReplicated MapCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMulti-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono infocould be achieved with distributed queries
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency selectable by user infoRaft Consensus AlgorithmCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationship in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataone or two-phase-commit; repeatable reads; read commitedACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlRole-based access controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and roles; record level security configurable
More information provided by the system vendor
HazelcastNeo4jOrientDB
Specific characteristicsHazelcast is an in-memory computing platform that runs applications with extremely...
» more
Neo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesHazelcast has an optimized, multi-threaded architecture that enables the highest...
» more
Neo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosHazelcast powers many types of large-scale, data processing applications. A sample...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersHazelcast customers include 50 of the world’s largest financial services companies,...
» more
Over 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsHazelcast provides both open source and commercial software. The open source offering...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
HazelcastNeo4jOrientDB
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