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DBMS > Hazelcast vs. JSqlDb vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. PostgreSQL vs. Sqrrl

System Properties Comparison Hazelcast vs. JSqlDb vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. PostgreSQL vs. Sqrrl

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHazelcast  Xexclude from comparisonJSqlDb  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Data Explorer  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonSqrrl  Xexclude from comparison
Sqrrl has been acquired by Amazon and became a part of Amazon Web Services. It has been removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionA widely adopted in-memory data gridJavaScript Query Language Database, stores JavaScript objects and primitivesFully managed big data interactive analytics platformWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLAdaptable, secure NoSQL built on Apache Accumulo
Primary database modelKey-value storeDocument store
Object oriented DBMS
Relational DBMS infocolumn orientedRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Secondary database modelsDocument store infoJSON support with IMDG 3.12Document store infoIf a column is of type dynamic docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-types/­dynamic then it's possible to add arbitrary JSON documents in this cell
Event Store infothis is the general usage pattern at Microsoft. Billing, Logs, Telemetry events are stored in ADX and the state of an individual entity is defined by the arg_max(timestamps)
Search engine infosupport for complex search expressions docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­parseoperator, FTS, Geospatial docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­geo-point-to-geohash-function, distributed search -> ADX acts as a distributed search engine
Time Series DBMS infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorer/­time-series-analysis
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score9.16
Rank#44  Overall
#5  Key-value stores
Score0.00
Rank#342  Overall
#47  Document stores
#21  Object oriented DBMS
Score2.75
Rank#89  Overall
#45  Relational DBMS
Score509.86
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitehazelcast.comjsqldb.orgazure.microsoft.com/­services/­data-explorerwww.postgresql.orgsqrrl.com
Technical documentationhazelcast.org/­documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorerwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperHazelcastKonrad von BackstromMicrosoftPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerAmazon infooriginally Sqrrl Data, Inc.
Initial release2008201820191989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL2012
Current release4.0, February 20200.8, December 2018cloud service with continuous releases12.2, February 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; commercial licenses availableOpen SourcecommercialOpen Source infoBSDcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
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Implementation languageJavaCJava
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux
macOS
Windows
hostedFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeFixed schema with schema-less datatypes (dynamic)yesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes infobool, datetime, dynamic, guid, int, long, real, string, timespan, double: docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-typesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infothe object must implement a serialization strategynoyesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesnoall fields are automatically indexedyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languagenoKusto Query Language (KQL), SQL subsetyes infostandard with numerous extensionsno
APIs and other access methodsJCache
JPA
Memcached protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Microsoft SQL Server communication protocol (MS-TDS)
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Accumulo Shell
Java API
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
JavaScript.Net
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PowerShell
Python
R
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Actionscript
C infousing GLib
C#
C++
Cocoa
Delphi
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoEvent Listeners, Executor Servicesfunctions in JavaScriptYes, possible languages: KQL, Python, Ruser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.no
Triggersyes infoEventsnoyes infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­management/­updatepolicyyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicepartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashSharding infomaking use of Hadoop
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoReplicated Mapnoneyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.Master-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsselectable replication factor infomaking use of Hadoop
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnononoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency selectable by user infoRaft Consensus AlgorithmEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency infoDocument store kept consistent with combination of global timestamping, row-level transactions, and server-side consistency resolution.
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataone or two-phase-commit; repeatable reads; read commitednoACIDAtomic updates per row, document, or graph entity
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infousing RocksDByesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlRole-based access controlAzure Active Directory Authenticationfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardCell-level Security, Data-Centric Security, Role-Based Access Control (RBAC), Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC)
More information provided by the system vendor
HazelcastJSqlDbMicrosoft Azure Data ExplorerPostgreSQLSqrrl
Specific characteristicsHazelcast is an in-memory computing platform that runs applications with extremely...
» more
Azure Data Explorer is a fast and highly scalable data exploration service for log...
» more
Competitive advantagesHazelcast has an optimized, multi-threaded architecture that enables the highest...
» more
Kusto Query Language (innovative query language, optimized for high performance data...
» more
Typical application scenariosHazelcast powers many types of large-scale, data processing applications. A sample...
» more
IoT applications IoT devices generate billions of sensor readings. Normalizing and...
» more
Key customersHazelcast customers include 50 of the world’s largest financial services companies,...
» more
Microsoft, DocuSign, Taboola, Bosch, Siemens Healthineers, Bühler, Ecolab, Zoomd
» more
Market metricsAzure Data Explorer is the data service for Azure Monitor, Azure Time Series Insights,...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsHazelcast provides both open source and commercial software. The open source offering...
» more

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HazelcastJSqlDbMicrosoft Azure Data ExplorerPostgreSQLSqrrl
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