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DBMS > Hazelcast vs. Ignite vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Hazelcast vs. Ignite vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHazelcast  Xexclude from comparisonIgnite  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA widely adopted in-memory data gridApache Ignite is a memory-centric distributed database, caching, and processing platform for transactional, analytical, and streaming workloads, delivering in-memory speeds at petabyte scale.Widely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelKey-value storeKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store infoJSON support with IMDG 3.12Document store
Graph DBMS infowith Apache Age
Spatial DBMS
Vector DBMS infowith pgvector extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.97
Rank#57  Overall
#6  Key-value stores
Score3.16
Rank#96  Overall
#15  Key-value stores
#49  Relational DBMS
Score645.54
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitehazelcast.comignite.apache.orgwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationhazelcast.org/­imdg/­docsapacheignite.readme.io/­docswww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperHazelcastApache Software FoundationPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release200820151989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release5.3.6, November 2023Apache Ignite 2.616.3, May 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++, Java, .NetC
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infothe object must implement a serialization strategyyesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageANSI-99 for query and DML statements, subset of DDLyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsJCache
JPA
Memcached protocol
RESTful HTTP API
HDFS API
Hibernate
JCache
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
C#
C++
Java
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoEvent Listeners, Executor Servicesyes (compute grid and cache interceptors can be used instead)user defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyes infoEventsyes (cache interceptors and events)yes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoReplicated Mapyes (replicated cache)Source-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes (compute grid and hadoop accelerator)no
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency selectable by user infoRaft Consensus AlgorithmImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataone or two-phase-commit; repeatable reads; read commitedACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlRole-based access controlSecurity Hooks for custom implementationsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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