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DBMS > HarperDB vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB

System Properties Comparison HarperDB vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHarperDB  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed database focused on speed and ease of use. It has an intuitive REST API, and supports NoSQL and SQL including joins. HarperDB leverages standard interfaces, and users can be up and running in minutes.Scalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)
Primary database modelDocument storeGraph DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.83
Rank#197  Overall
#31  Document stores
Score57.16
Rank#18  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score4.16
Rank#81  Overall
#12  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Websiteharperdb.ioneo4j.comorientdb.org
Technical documentationharperdb.io/­developers/­documentation/­overviewneo4j.com/­docswww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.html
DeveloperHarperDBNeo4j, Inc.OrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAP
Initial release201720072010
Current release3.0, May 20214.3.2, July 20213.1.9, February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree community edition availableOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
HarperDB Cloud: Get To Market Faster, For Less Money Using Our Built-in API.Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageNode.jsJava, ScalaJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)
Data schemedynamic schemaschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoJSON data typesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like data manipulation statementsnoSQL-like query language, no joins
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
React Hooks
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
WebSocket
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C#
C++
ColdFusion
D
Dart
Delphi
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
MatLab
Objective C
Perl
PHP
PowerShell
Prolog
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Swift
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsJava, Javascript
Triggersnoyes infovia event handlerHooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesA table resides as a whole on one (or more) nodes in a clusteryes using Neo4j FabricSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infothe nodes on which a table resides can be definedCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMulti-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocould be achieved with distributed queries
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationship in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataAtomic execution of specific operationsACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes, using LMDByesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and roles; record level security configurable
More information provided by the system vendor
HarperDBNeo4jOrientDB
Specific characteristicsHarperDB is the first distributed database with hybrid SQL & NoSQL functionality...
» more
Neo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesBy combining the functionality of the best SQL, NoSQL, and NewSQL products on the...
» more
Neo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosUse cases where HarperDB is a better fit than other solutions include: Rapid app...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersA few highlighted customers include: US Army, US Airforce, Chelan PUD, TATA, & Lumen....
» more
Over 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metrics6,800 + npm downloads 1,600 + on Docker Hub 2,600 + cloud & local signups
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsHarperDB follows a freemium/premium model . A database is only as powerful as it...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
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We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
HarperDBNeo4jOrientDB
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Recent citations in the news

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