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DBMS > etcd vs. HBase vs. RocksDB

System Properties Comparison etcd vs. HBase vs. RocksDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Nameetcd  Xexclude from comparisonHBase  Xexclude from comparisonRocksDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed reliable key-value storeWide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTableEmbeddable persistent key-value store optimized for fast storage (flash and RAM)
Primary database modelKey-value storeWide column storeKey-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score9.02
Rank#53  Overall
#6  Key-value stores
Score41.66
Rank#26  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Score4.50
Rank#87  Overall
#16  Key-value stores
Websiteetcd.io
github.com/­etcd-io/­etcd
hbase.apache.orgrocksdb.org
Technical documentationetcd.io/­docs
github.com/­etcd-io/­etcd/­tree/­master/­Documentation
hbase.apache.orggithub.com/­facebook/­rocksdb/­wiki
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by PowersetFacebook, Inc.
Initial release20082013
Current release3.4, August 20192.3.4, January 20217.3.1, June 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoJavaC++
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
Windows infoexperimental
Linux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free, schema definition possibleschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenooptions to bring your own types, AVROno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesnonono
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonono
APIs and other access methodsgRPC
JSON over HTTP
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
C++ API
Java API
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
C
C++
Go
Java
Perl
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoCoprocessors in Javano
Triggersyes, watching key changesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)yes
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnoAccess Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABACno

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More resources
etcdHBaseRocksDB
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