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DBMS > HBase vs. Riak KV vs. STSdb vs. Titan

System Properties Comparison HBase vs. Riak KV vs. STSdb vs. Titan

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHBase  Xexclude from comparisonRiak KV  Xexclude from comparisonSTSdb  Xexclude from comparisonTitan  Xexclude from comparison
Titan has been decommisioned after the takeover by Datastax. It will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking. A fork has been open-sourced as JanusGraph.
DescriptionWide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTableDistributed, fault tolerant key-value storeKey-Value Store with special method for indexing infooptimized for high performance using a special indexing methodTitan is a Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters.
Primary database modelWide column storeKey-value store infowith links between data sets and object tags for the creation of secondary indexesKey-value storeGraph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score53.34
Rank#21  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Score5.39
Rank#59  Overall
#9  Key-value stores
Score0.08
Rank#288  Overall
#47  Key-value stores
Websitehbase.apache.orgbasho.com/­products/­riak-kvstssoft.com/­products/­stsdb-4-0titan.thinkaurelius.com
Technical documentationhbase.apache.orggithub.com/­thinkaurelius/­titan/­wiki
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by PowersetBasho TechnologiesSTS Soft SCAurelius, owned by DataStax
Initial release2008200920112012
Current release2.2.0, June 20192.1.0, April 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache version 2, commercial enterprise editionOpen Source infoGPLv2, commercial license availableOpen Source infoApache license, version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaErlangC#Java
Server operating systemsLinux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
Linux
OS X
WindowsLinux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-free, schema definition possibleschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateoptions to bring your own types, AVROnoyes infoprimitive types and user defined types (classes)yes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesnorestrictednoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnononono
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
HTTP API
Native Erlang Interface
.NET Client APIJava API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
C infounofficial client library
C#
C++ infounofficial client library
Clojure infounofficial client library
Dart infounofficial client library
Erlang
Go infounofficial client library
Groovy infounofficial client library
Haskell infounofficial client library
Java
JavaScript infounofficial client library
Lisp infounofficial client library
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala infounofficial client library
Smalltalk infounofficial client library
C#
Java
Clojure
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoCoprocessors in JavaJavaScript and Erlangnoyes
Triggersyesyes infopre-commit hooks and post-commit hooksnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infono "single point of failure"noneyes infovia pluggable storage backends
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
selectable replication factornoneyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesnoyes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics engine
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infolinks between data sets can be storednoyes infoRelationships in graph
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)nonoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcast
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABACnonoUser authentification and security via Rexster Graph Server

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