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DBMS > HBase vs. mSQL vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison HBase vs. mSQL vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHBase  Xexclude from comparisonmSQL infoMini SQL  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTablemSQL (Mini SQL) is a simple and lightweight RDBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelWide column storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score48.35
Rank#22  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Score1.71
Rank#132  Overall
#65  Relational DBMS
Score542.29
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitehbase.apache.orgwww.hughes.com.au/­products/­msqlwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationhbase.apache.orgwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by PowersetHughes TechnologiesPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release200819941989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release2.2.0, June 20194.2, April 201912.4, August 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial infofree licenses can be providedOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaCC
Server operating systemsLinux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-free, schema definition possibleyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateoptions to bring your own types, AVROyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoA subset of ANSI SQL is implemented infono subqueries, aggregate functions, views, foreign keys, triggersyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
C
C++
Delphi
Java
Perl
PHP
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoCoprocessors in Javanouser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonepartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
noneSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencynoneImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)noACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesnoyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABACnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
HBasemSQL infoMini SQLPostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsApache HBase is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well suited...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures very high availability with multiple customers...
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Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
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Key customersApple, Salesforce, Cerner, Allegis Group, Bloomberg, Airtel, Thomson Reuters, Dish,...
» more
Market metrics#1 largest NoSQL database by revenue
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license P ricing for commercial distribution provided by Cloudera and available...
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