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DBMS > HBase vs. OrientDB vs. Solr

System Properties Comparison HBase vs. OrientDB vs. Solr

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHBase  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonSolr  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTableMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)A widely used enterprise search engine based on Apache Lucene
Primary database modelWide column storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score52.95
Rank#20  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Score4.94
Rank#63  Overall
#10  Document stores
#3  Graph DBMS
#11  Key-value stores
Score56.16
Rank#17  Overall
#3  Search engines
Websitehbase.apache.orgorientdb.comlucene.apache.org/­solr
Technical documentationhbase.apache.orgorientdb.org/­docs/­3.0.xlucene.apache.org/­solr/­resources.html
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by PowersetOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloudApache Software Foundation
Initial release200820102004
Current release2.2.0, June 20193.0.23, August 20198.4.1, January 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJavaJava
Server operating systemsLinux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)All OS with a Java VM and a servlet container inforuns as a servlet in servlet container (e.g. Tomcat, Jetty is included)
Data schemeschema-free, schema definition possibleschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")yes infoDynamic Fields enables on-the-fly addition of new fields
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateoptions to bring your own types, AVROyesyes infosupports customizable data types and automatic typing
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesnoyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query language, no joinsno infosupports limited query time joins
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Erlang
Java
JavaScript
any language that supports sockets and either XML or JSON
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoCoprocessors in JavaJava, JavascriptJava plugins
TriggersyesHooksyes infoUser configurable commands triggered on index changes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replicationcloud/distributed (via Zookeeper)
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesno infocould be achieved with distributed queriesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoslaves poll the master in predefined intervalls
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes inforelationship in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)ACIDoptimistic locking infoSolr 4
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABACAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurable

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HBaseOrientDBSolr
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