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DBMS > HBase vs. Neo4j vs. Weaviate

System Properties Comparison HBase vs. Neo4j vs. Weaviate

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHBase  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonWeaviate  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTableScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsA cloud-native, realtime vector search engine integrating scalable machine learning models
Primary database modelWide column storeGraph DBMSSearch engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score42.45
Rank#26  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Score59.35
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score0.12
Rank#308  Overall
#19  Search engines
Websitehbase.apache.orgneo4j.comgithub.com/­semi-technologies/­weaviate
weaviate.io
Technical documentationhbase.apache.orgneo4j.com/­docsweaviate.io/­developers/­weaviate/­current
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by PowersetNeo4j, Inc.SeMI Technologies B.V.
Initial release200820072017
Current release2.3.4, January 20214.4.9, July 20221.0.3, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infocommercial license available with Weaviate Enterprise
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageJavaJava, ScalaGo
Server operating systemsLinux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-free, schema definition possibleschema-free and schema-optionalyes, maps to GraphQL interface
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateoptions to bring your own types, AVROyesyes infostring, int, float, geo point, date, cross reference, fuzzy references
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesnoyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes infoall data objects are indexed in a semantic vector space (the Contextionary), all primitive fields are indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoGraphQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
GraphQL query language
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoCoprocessors in Javayes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsno
Triggersyesyes infovia event handlerno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingyes using Neo4j FabricSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Causal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoRelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)ACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABACUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)OpenID Connect Discovery
More information provided by the system vendor
HBaseNeo4jWeaviate
Specific characteristicsNeo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
As a stand-alone vector search engine, or use one of the many modules (transformers,...
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Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
A ll companies that have data. ​
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
Weaviate is open-source, and free to use. We also offer Fully managed Weaviate on...
» more
News

Neo4j Graph Framework and Project Assessment
11 August 2022

How Graphs Power OpenSanctions: The 5-Minute Interview with Friedrich Lindenberg
10 August 2022

From Collected Data to Connected Data: How Knowledge Graphs Are Changing the World
5 August 2022

Empowering Employees With Graph Technology
1 August 2022

This Week in Neo4j: Graph Data Science, Microservices, Java, Chatbot, PHP, Spring Data, and More
30 July 2022

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
HBaseNeo4jWeaviate
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