DBMS > HBase vs. MySQL vs. Riak KV
System Properties Comparison HBase vs. MySQL vs. Riak KV
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||HBase Xexclude from comparison||MySQL Xexclude from comparison||Riak KV Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||Wide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTable||Widely used open source RDBMS||Distributed, fault tolerant key-value store|
|Primary database model||Wide column store||Relational DBMS Key/Value like access via memcached API||Key-value store with links between data sets and object tags for the creation of secondary indexes|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
|Developer||Apache Software Foundation Apache top-level project, originally developed by Powerset||Oracle since 2010, originally MySQL AB, then Sun||Basho Technologies|
|Current release||2.2.0, June 2019||8.0.18, October 2019||2.1.0, April 2015|
|License Commercial or Open Source||Open Source Apache version 2||Open Source GPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are available||Open Source Apache version 2, commercial enterprise edition|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||no||no|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
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|Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost|
|Implementation language||Java||C and C++||Erlang|
|Server operating systems||Linux|
Windows using Cygwin
|Data scheme||schema-free, schema definition possible||yes||schema-free|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||options to bring your own types, AVRO||yes||no|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||no||yes||no|
|SQL Support of SQL||no||yes with proprietary extensions||no|
|APIs and other access methods||Java API|
RESTful HTTP API
Proprietary native API
Native Erlang Interface
|Supported programming languages||C|
|C unofficial client library|
C++ unofficial client library
Clojure unofficial client library
Dart unofficial client library
Go unofficial client library
Groovy unofficial client library
Haskell unofficial client library
Lisp unofficial client library
Perl unofficial client library
Scala unofficial client library
Smalltalk unofficial client library
|Triggers||yes||yes||yes pre-commit hooks and post-commit hooks|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||Sharding||horizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabric||Sharding no "single point of failure"|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||Master-master replication|
|selectable replication factor|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||yes||no||yes|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency||Immediate Consistency||Eventual Consistency|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||no||yes not for MyISAM storage engine||no links between data sets can be stored|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||Single row ACID (across millions of columns)||ACID not for MyISAM storage engine||no|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes||yes table locks or row locks depending on storage engine||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||yes|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||yes||yes|
|User concepts Access control||Access Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABAC||Users with fine-grained authorization concept no user groups or roles||no|
More information provided by the system vendor
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