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DBMS > HBase vs. MySQL vs. Riak KV

System Properties Comparison HBase vs. MySQL vs. Riak KV

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHBase  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonRiak KV  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTableWidely used open source RDBMSDistributed, fault tolerant key-value store
Primary database modelWide column storeRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIKey-value store infowith links between data sets and object tags for the creation of secondary indexes
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score52.95
Rank#20  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Score1267.65
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score5.47
Rank#58  Overall
#9  Key-value stores
Websitehbase.apache.orgwww.mysql.comriak.com/­products/­riak-kv
Technical documentationhbase.apache.orgdev.mysql.com/­doc
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by PowersetOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunBasho Technologies
Initial release200819952009
Current release2.2.0, June 20198.0.18, October 20192.1.0, April 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoApache version 2, commercial enterprise edition
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageJavaC and C++Erlang
Server operating systemsLinux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Data schemeschema-free, schema definition possibleyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateoptions to bring your own types, AVROyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesnoyesrestricted
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsno
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
HTTP API
Native Erlang Interface
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C infounofficial client library
C#
C++ infounofficial client library
Clojure infounofficial client library
Dart infounofficial client library
Erlang
Go infounofficial client library
Groovy infounofficial client library
Haskell infounofficial client library
Java
JavaScript infounofficial client library
Lisp infounofficial client library
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala infounofficial client library
Smalltalk infounofficial client library
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoCoprocessors in Javayes infoproprietary syntaxJavaScript and Erlang
Triggersyesyesyes infopre-commit hooks and post-commit hooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL FabricSharding infono "single point of failure"
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
selectable replication factor
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineno infolinks between data sets can be stored
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)ACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABACUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesno

More information provided by the system vendor

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