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DBMS > HBase vs. MySQL vs. NuoDB vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison HBase vs. MySQL vs. NuoDB vs. Oracle

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHBase  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTableWidely used open source RDBMSNuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactionsWidely used RDBMS
Primary database modelWide column storeRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score48.66
Rank#23  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Score1268.51
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score1.09
Rank#153  Overall
#74  Relational DBMS
Score1340.26
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websitehbase.apache.orgwww.mysql.comwww.nuodb.comwww.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationhbase.apache.orgdev.mysql.com/­docdoc.nuodb.comdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by PowersetOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunNuoDB, Inc.Oracle
Initial release2008199520131980
Current release2.2.0, June 20198.0.20, 202019c, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availablecommercial infolimited edition freecommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC and C++C++C and C++
Server operating systemsLinux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeschema-free, schema definition possibleyesyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateoptions to bring your own types, AVROyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnoyes
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsyesyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoCoprocessors in Javayes infoproprietary syntaxJava, SQLPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersyesyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricdata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/writtenhorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
yes infoManaged transparently by NuoDBMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonono infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)ACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infotunable commit protocolACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes infoMVCCyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes infoTemporary tableyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABACUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesStandard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative Usersfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
HBaseMySQLNuoDBOracle
Specific characteristicsOracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
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Licensing and pricing modelsOracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
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