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DBMS > HBase vs. MongoDB vs. Nebula Graph

System Properties Comparison HBase vs. MongoDB vs. Nebula Graph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHBase  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTableOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMS
Primary database modelWide column storeDocument storeGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score45.05
Rank#24  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Score496.50
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score1.10
Rank#168  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
Websitehbase.apache.orgwww.mongodb.comgithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
Technical documentationhbase.apache.orgdocs.mongodb.com/­manualdocs.nebula-graph.io
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by PowersetMongoDB, IncVesoft Inc.
Initial release200820092019
Current release2.3.4, January 20215.0, July 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Cloudera Operational Database: Cloud-native autonomous Apache HBase for unparalleled scale, performance and reliability. Automate and simplify database management with capabilities like auto-scale, auto-heal, and auto-tune.
  • MongoDB Atlas: Global multi-cloud database with unmatched data distribution and mobility across AWS, Azure, and Google Cloud, built-in automation for resource and workload optimization, and so much more.
  • ScaleGrid for MongoDB: Fully managed hosting for MongoDB database on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageJavaC++C++
Server operating systemsLinux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-free, schema definition possibleschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.Strong typed schema
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateoptions to bring your own types, AVROyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesnoyesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BISQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
proprietary protocol using JSONBrowser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
C++
Go
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoCoprocessors in JavaJavaScript
Triggersyesyes infoin MongoDB Atlas only
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
Causal Clustering using Raft protocol
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)Multi-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infooptional, enabled by defaultyes infousing RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2yes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABACAccess rights for users and rolesRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
HBaseMongoDBNebula Graph
Specific characteristicsApache HBase is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well suited...
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MongoDB’s application data platform provides developers a unified interface to power...
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Nebula Graph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
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Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures very high availability with multiple customers...
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The MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
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Nebula Graph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
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Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
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Internet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
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Social networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
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Key customersApple, Salesforce, Cerner, Allegis Group, Bloomberg, Airtel, Thomson Reuters, Dish,...
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ADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
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Currently we have some top internet companies in China implementing Nebula Graph...
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Market metrics#1 largest NoSQL database by revenue
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175 million downloads, over 1.5M Atlas database clusters under management handling...
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At our very early stage, Nebula Graph has already received 3.5k stars and thousands...
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Licensing and pricing modelsApache license P ricing for commercial distribution provided by Cloudera and available...
» more
MongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more
Nebula Graph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more
News

Ecosystem Tools: Nebula Graph Dashboard for Monitoring
22 September 2021

Nebula Graph Source Code Explained: RBO
14 September 2021

Game Pocket Monsters with Nebula Graph
3 September 2021

Nebula Graph Source Code Explained: Validator
20 August 2021

Nebula Graph Source Code Explained: An Overview
13 August 2021

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More resources
HBaseMongoDBNebula Graph
DB-Engines blog posts

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Conferences and events

MongoDB.Local London
London, 9 November 2021

Finished events

Introduction to MongoDB
Webinar, on demand, 27 July 2021 (finished)

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Third Time Is The Charm For Nebula Graph Database
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