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DBMS > HBase vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Spark SQL vs. TempoIQ

System Properties Comparison HBase vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Spark SQL vs. TempoIQ

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHBase  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparisonTempoIQ infoformerly TempoDB  Xexclude from comparison
TempoIQ seems to be decommissioned. It will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionWide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTableMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processingScalable analytics DBMS for sensor data, provided as a service (SaaS)
Primary database modelWide column storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score44.16
Rank#23  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Score1007.97
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score18.98
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Websitehbase.apache.orgwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverspark.apache.org/­sqltempoiq.com (offline)
Technical documentationhbase.apache.orgdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.html
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by PowersetMicrosoftApache Software FoundationTempoIQ
Initial release2008198920142012
Current release2.3.4, January 2021SQL Server 2019, November 20193.1.1, March 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++Scala
Server operating systemsLinux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
Linux
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-free, schema definition possibleyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateoptions to bring your own types, AVROyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnono
Secondary indexesnoyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesSQL-like DML and DDL statementsno
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
JDBC
ODBC
HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Java
Python
R
Scala
C#
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoCoprocessors in JavaTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javanono
Triggersyesyesnoyes infoRealtime Alerts
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationyes, utilizing Spark Core
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)ACIDnono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABACfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnosimple authentication-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
HBaseMicrosoft SQL ServerSpark SQLTempoIQ infoformerly TempoDB
Specific characteristicsApache HBase is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well suited...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures very high availability with multiple customers...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Key customersApple, Salesforce, Cerner, Allegis Group, Bloomberg, Airtel, Thomson Reuters, Dish,...
» more
Market metrics#1 largest NoSQL database by revenue
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license P ricing for commercial distribution provided by Cloudera and available...
» more

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HBaseMicrosoft SQL ServerSpark SQLTempoIQ infoformerly TempoDB
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