DBMS > HBase vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP SQL Anywhere
System Properties Comparison HBase vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP SQL Anywhere
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||HBase Xexclude from comparison||Microsoft SQL Server Xexclude from comparison||SAP SQL Anywhere formerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||Wide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTable||Microsofts relational DBMS||RDBMS database and synchronization technologies for server, desktop, remote office, and mobile environments|
|Primary database model||Wide column store||Relational DBMS||Relational DBMS|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
|Developer||Apache Software Foundation Apache top-level project, originally developed by Powerset||Microsoft||SAP formerly Sybase|
|Current release||2.2.0, June 2019||SQL Server 2017, October 2017||17, July 2015|
|License Commercial or Open Source||Open Source Apache version 2||commercial restricted free version is available||commercial|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||no||no|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
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|Server operating systems||Linux|
Windows using Cygwin
|Data scheme||schema-free, schema definition possible||yes||yes|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||options to bring your own types, AVRO||yes||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||no||yes||yes|
|SQL Support of SQL||no||yes||yes|
|APIs and other access methods||Java API|
RESTful HTTP API
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
|Supported programming languages||C|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||yes Coprocessors in Java||Transact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java||yes, in C/C++, Java, .Net or Perl|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||Sharding||tables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federation||none|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||Master-master replication|
|yes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition||Master-slave replication Database mirroring|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||yes||no||no|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||no||yes||yes|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||Single row ACID (across millions of columns)||ACID||ACID|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||yes|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||yes||yes||yes|
|User concepts Access control||Access Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABAC||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard|
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|HBase||Microsoft SQL Server||SAP SQL Anywhere formerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere|
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|Conferences and events|
PASS Summit 2019
|Recent citations in the news|
Cloudera Extends Apache HBase To Use Amazon S3
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