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DBMS > HBase vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Riak KV vs. TempoIQ vs. YugabyteDB

System Properties Comparison HBase vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Riak KV vs. TempoIQ vs. YugabyteDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHBase  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonRiak KV  Xexclude from comparisonTempoIQ infoformerly TempoDB  Xexclude from comparisonYugabyteDB  Xexclude from comparison
TempoIQ seems to be decommissioned. It will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionWide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTableMicrosofts relational DBMSDistributed, fault tolerant key-value storeScalable analytics DBMS for sensor data, provided as a service (SaaS)High-performance distributed SQL database for global, internet-scale applications. Wire compatible with PostgreSQL.
Primary database modelWide column storeRelational DBMSKey-value store infowith links between data sets and object tags for the creation of secondary indexesTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Document store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score49.11
Rank#22  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Score1075.87
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score5.49
Rank#65  Overall
#10  Key-value stores
Score1.12
Rank#154  Overall
#75  Relational DBMS
Websitehbase.apache.orgwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverriak.com/­products/­riak-kvtempoiq.com (offline)www.yugabyte.com
Technical documentationhbase.apache.orgdocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentationdocs.yugabyte.com
github.com/­yugabyte/­yugabyte-db
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by PowersetMicrosoftBasho TechnologiesTempoIQYugabyte Inc.
Initial release20081989200920122017
Current release2.2.0, June 2019SQL Server 2019, November 20192.1.0, April 20152.2.0, July 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache version 2, commercial enterprise editioncommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++ErlangC and C++
Server operating systemsLinux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
Linux
Windows
Linux
OS X
Linux
OS X
Data schemeschema-free, schema definition possibleyesschema-freeschema-freedepending on used data model
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateoptions to bring your own types, AVROyesnoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnonono
Secondary indexesnoyesrestrictedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesnonoyes, PostgreSQL compatible
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
HTTP API
Native Erlang Interface
HTTP APIYCQL, an SQL-based flexible-schema API with its roots in Cassandra Query Language
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C infounofficial client library
C#
C++ infounofficial client library
Clojure infounofficial client library
Dart infounofficial client library
Erlang
Go infounofficial client library
Groovy infounofficial client library
Haskell infounofficial client library
Java
JavaScript infounofficial client library
Lisp infounofficial client library
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala infounofficial client library
Smalltalk infounofficial client library
C#
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoCoprocessors in JavaTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaJavaScript and Erlangnoyes infosql, plpgsql, C
Triggersyesyesyes infopre-commit hooks and post-commit hooksyes infoRealtime Alertsyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding infono "single point of failure"Hash and Range Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionselectable replication factorBased on Raft distributed consensus protocol, minimum 3 replicas for continuous availability
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyStrong consistency on writes and tunable consistency on reads
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno infolinks between data sets can be storednoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)ACIDnonoDistributed ACID with Serializable & Snapshot Isolation. Inspired by Google Spanner architecture.
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes infobased on RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABACfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnosimple authentication-based access controlyes
More information provided by the system vendor
HBaseMicrosoft SQL ServerRiak KVTempoIQ infoformerly TempoDBYugabyteDB
Specific characteristicsGain Developer Agility Leverage full power of PostgreSQL-compatible SQL and distributed...
» more
Competitive advantagesYugabyteDB is a distributed ACID-compliant database that brings together four must-have...
» more
Typical application scenariosYugabyteDB is a good fit for fast-growing, cloud native applications that need to...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsYugabyteDB is a 100% open source project licensed under the permissive Apache 2.0...
» more

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More resources
HBaseMicrosoft SQL ServerRiak KVTempoIQ infoformerly TempoDBYugabyteDB
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