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DBMS > HBase vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Riak KV vs. TempoIQ vs. Virtuoso

System Properties Comparison HBase vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Riak KV vs. TempoIQ vs. Virtuoso

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHBase  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonRiak KV  Xexclude from comparisonTempoIQ infoformerly TempoDB  Xexclude from comparisonVirtuoso  Xexclude from comparison
TempoIQ seems to be decommissioned. It will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionWide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTableMicrosofts relational DBMSDistributed, fault tolerant key-value storeScalable analytics DBMS for sensor data, provided as a service (SaaS)Virtuoso is a multi-model hybrid-RDBMS that supports management of data represented as relational tables and/or property graphs
Primary database modelWide column storeRelational DBMSKey-value store infowith links between data sets and object tags for the creation of secondary indexesTime Series DBMSGraph DBMS
Native XML DBMS
Relational DBMS
RDF store
Search engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score49.11
Rank#22  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Score1075.87
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score5.49
Rank#65  Overall
#10  Key-value stores
Score2.65
Rank#105  Overall
#5  Graph DBMS
#3  Native XML DBMS
#51  Relational DBMS
#3  RDF stores
#9  Search engines
Websitehbase.apache.orgwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverriak.com/­products/­riak-kvtempoiq.com (offline)virtuoso.openlinksw.com
Technical documentationhbase.apache.orgdocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentationdocs.openlinksw.com/­virtuoso
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by PowersetMicrosoftBasho TechnologiesTempoIQOpenLink Software
Initial release20081989200920121998
Current release2.2.0, June 2019SQL Server 2019, November 20192.1.0, April 20158.3, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache version 2, commercial enterprise editioncommercialOpen Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++ErlangC
Server operating systemsLinux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
Linux
Windows
Linux
OS X
AIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-free, schema definition possibleyesschema-freeschema-freeyes infoSQL - Standard relational schema
RDF - Quad (S, P, O, G) or Triple (S, P, O)
XML - DTD, XML Schema
DAV - freeform filesystem objects, plus User Defined Types a/k/a Dynamic Extension Type
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateoptions to bring your own types, AVROyesnoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnonoyes
Secondary indexesnoyesrestrictedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesnonoyes infoSQL-92, SQL-200x, SQL-3, SQLX
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
HTTP API
Native Erlang Interface
HTTP APIADO.NET
GeoSPARQL
HTTP API
JDBC
Jena RDF API
ODBC
OLE DB
RDF4J API
RESTful HTTP API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SOAP webservices
SPARQL 1.1
WebDAV
XPath
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C infounofficial client library
C#
C++ infounofficial client library
Clojure infounofficial client library
Dart infounofficial client library
Erlang
Go infounofficial client library
Groovy infounofficial client library
Haskell infounofficial client library
Java
JavaScript infounofficial client library
Lisp infounofficial client library
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala infounofficial client library
Smalltalk infounofficial client library
C#
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoCoprocessors in JavaTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaJavaScript and Erlangnoyes infoVirtuoso PL
Triggersyesyesyes infopre-commit hooks and post-commit hooksyes infoRealtime Alertsyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding infono "single point of failure"yes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionselectable replication factorChain, star, and bi-directional replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyesnoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno infolinks between data sets can be storednoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)ACIDnonoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABACfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnosimple authentication-based access controlFine-grained Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC) in addition to typical coarse-grained Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) according to SQL-standard. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
HBaseMicrosoft SQL ServerRiak KVTempoIQ infoformerly TempoDBVirtuoso
Specific characteristicsVirtuoso is a modern multi-model RDBMS for managing data represented as tabular relations...
» more
Competitive advantagesPerformance & Scale — as exemplified by DBpedia and the LOD Cloud it spawned, i.e.,...
» more
Typical application scenariosUsed for — Analytics/BI Conceptual Data Virtualization Enterprise Knowledge Graphs...
» more
Key customersBroad use across enterprises and governments including — European Union (EU) US Government...
» more
Market metricsLargest installed-base ​of Multi-Model RDBMS for AI-friendly Knowledge Graphs Platform...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAvailable in both Commercial Enterprise and Open Source (GPL v2) Editions Feature...
» more

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More resources
HBaseMicrosoft SQL ServerRiak KVTempoIQ infoformerly TempoDBVirtuoso
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