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DBMS > HBase vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. MySQL vs. Riak KV vs. TempoIQ

System Properties Comparison HBase vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. MySQL vs. Riak KV vs. TempoIQ

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHBase  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonRiak KV  Xexclude from comparisonTempoIQ infoformerly TempoDB  Xexclude from comparison
TempoIQ seems to be decommissioned. It will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionWide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTableMicrosofts relational DBMSWidely used open source RDBMSDistributed, fault tolerant key-value storeScalable analytics DBMS for sensor data, provided as a service (SaaS)
Primary database modelWide column storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIKey-value store infowith links between data sets and object tags for the creation of secondary indexesTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score49.11
Rank#22  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Score1075.87
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score1261.57
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score5.49
Rank#65  Overall
#10  Key-value stores
Websitehbase.apache.orgwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.mysql.comriak.com/­products/­riak-kvtempoiq.com (offline)
Technical documentationhbase.apache.orgdocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentationdev.mysql.com/­doc
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by PowersetMicrosoftOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunBasho TechnologiesTempoIQ
Initial release20081989199520092012
Current release2.2.0, June 2019SQL Server 2019, November 20198.0.21, 20202.1.0, April 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoApache version 2, commercial enterprise editioncommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++C and C++Erlang
Server operating systemsLinux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
Linux
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Data schemeschema-free, schema definition possibleyesyesschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateoptions to bring your own types, AVROyesyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyesnono
Secondary indexesnoyesyesrestricted
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsnono
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
HTTP API
Native Erlang Interface
HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C infounofficial client library
C#
C++ infounofficial client library
Clojure infounofficial client library
Dart infounofficial client library
Erlang
Go infounofficial client library
Groovy infounofficial client library
Haskell infounofficial client library
Java
JavaScript infounofficial client library
Lisp infounofficial client library
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala infounofficial client library
Smalltalk infounofficial client library
C#
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoCoprocessors in JavaTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javayes infoproprietary syntaxJavaScript and Erlangno
Triggersyesyesyesyes infopre-commit hooks and post-commit hooksyes infoRealtime Alerts
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationhorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL FabricSharding infono "single point of failure"
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factor
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineno infolinks between data sets can be storedno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)ACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage enginenono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABACfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesnosimple authentication-based access control

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