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DBMS > HBase vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. SQLite vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison HBase vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. SQLite vs. Stardog

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHBase  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Data Explorer  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTableFully managed big data interactive analytics platformWidely used embeddable, in-process RDBMSEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualization
Primary database modelWide column storeRelational DBMS infocolumn orientedRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument store infoIf a column is of type dynamic docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-types/­dynamic then it's possible to add arbitrary JSON documents in this cell
Event Store infothis is the general usage pattern at Microsoft. Billing, Logs, Telemetry events are stored in ADX and the state of an individual entity is defined by the arg_max(timestamps)
Search engine infosupport for complex search expressions docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­parseoperator FTS, Geospatial docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­geo-point-to-geohash-function distributed search -> ADX acts as a distributed search engine
Time Series DBMS infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorer/­time-series-analysis
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score45.20
Rank#24  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Score5.67
Rank#66  Overall
#36  Relational DBMS
Score129.37
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Score1.93
Rank#122  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Websitehbase.apache.orgazure.microsoft.com/­services/­data-explorerwww.sqlite.orgwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationhbase.apache.orgdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorerwww.sqlite.org/­docs.htmldocs.stardog.com
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by PowersetMicrosoftDwayne Richard HippStardog-Union
Initial release2008201920002010
Current release2.3.4, January 2021cloud service with continuous releases3.36.0  (18 June 2021), June 20217.3.0, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen Source infoPublic Domaincommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Cloudera Operational Database: Cloud-native autonomous Apache HBase for unparalleled scale, performance and reliability. Automate and simplify database management with capabilities like auto-scale, auto-heal, and auto-tune.
Implementation languageJavaCJava
Server operating systemsLinux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
hostedserver-lessLinux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-free, schema definition possibleFixed schema with schema-less datatypes (dynamic)yes infodynamic column typesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateoptions to bring your own types, AVROyes infobool, datetime, dynamic, guid, int, long, real, string, timespan, double: docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-typesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.yes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnono infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesnoall fields are automatically indexedyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoKusto Query Language (KQL), SQL subsetyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supportedYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Server
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
Microsoft SQL Server communication protocol (MS-TDS)
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PowerShell
Python
R
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoCoprocessors in JavaYes, possible languages: KQL, Python, Rnouser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersyesyes infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­management/­updatepolicyyesyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.noneMulti-source replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)noACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infovia file-system locksyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABACAzure Active Directory AuthenticationnoAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
HBaseMicrosoft Azure Data ExplorerSQLiteStardog
Specific characteristicsApache HBase is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well suited...
» more
Azure Data Explorer is a fast and highly scalable data exploration service for log...
» more
Stardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
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Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures very high availability with multiple customers...
» more
Kusto Query Language (innovative query language, optimized for high performance data...
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Stardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
IoT applications IoT devices generate billions of sensor readings. Normalizing and...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersApple, Salesforce, Cerner, Allegis Group, Bloomberg, Airtel, Thomson Reuters, Dish,...
» more
Microsoft, DocuSign, Taboola, Bosch, Siemens Healthineers, Bühler, Ecolab, Zoomd
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metrics#1 largest NoSQL database by revenue
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Azure Data Explorer is the data service for Azure Monitor, Azure Time Series Insights,...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license P ricing for commercial distribution provided by Cloudera and available...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more

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HBaseMicrosoft Azure Data ExplorerSQLiteStardog
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