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DBMS > HBase vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. Riak KV vs. STSdb vs. TimescaleDB

System Properties Comparison HBase vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. Riak KV vs. STSdb vs. TimescaleDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHBase  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Data Explorer  Xexclude from comparisonRiak KV  Xexclude from comparisonSTSdb  Xexclude from comparisonTimescaleDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTableFully managed big data interactive analytics platformDistributed, fault tolerant key-value storeKey-Value Store with special method for indexing infooptimized for high performance using a special indexing methodA time series DBMS optimized for fast ingest and complex queries, based on PostgreSQL
Primary database modelWide column storeRelational DBMS infocolumn orientedKey-value store infowith links between data sets and object tags for the creation of secondary indexesKey-value storeTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store infoIf a column is of type dynamic docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-types/­dynamic then it's possible to add arbitrary JSON documents in this cell
Event Store infothis is the general usage pattern at Microsoft. Billing, Logs, Telemetry events are stored in ADX and the state of an individual entity is defined by the arg_max(timestamps)
Search engine infosupport for complex search expressions docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­parseoperator, FTS, Geospatial docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­geo-point-to-geohash-function, distributed search -> ADX acts as a distributed search engine
Time Series DBMS infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorer/­time-series-analysis
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score50.15
Rank#22  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Score2.75
Rank#89  Overall
#45  Relational DBMS
Score5.24
Rank#59  Overall
#9  Key-value stores
Score0.08
Rank#296  Overall
#48  Key-value stores
Score1.87
Rank#115  Overall
#8  Time Series DBMS
Websitehbase.apache.orgazure.microsoft.com/­services/­data-explorerriak.com/­products/­riak-kvstssoft.com/­products/­stsdb-4-0www.timescale.com
Technical documentationhbase.apache.orgdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorerdocs.timescale.com
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by PowersetMicrosoftBasho TechnologiesSTS Soft SCTimescale
Initial release20082019200920112017
Current release2.2.0, June 2019cloud service with continuous releases2.1.0, April 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen Source infoApache version 2, commercial enterprise editionOpen Source infoGPLv2, commercial license availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaErlangC#C
Server operating systemsLinux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
hostedLinux
OS X
WindowsLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-free, schema definition possibleFixed schema with schema-less datatypes (dynamic)schema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateoptions to bring your own types, AVROyes infobool, datetime, dynamic, guid, int, long, real, string, timespan, double: docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-typesnoyes infoprimitive types and user defined types (classes)numerics, strings, booleans, arrays, JSON blobs, geospatial dimensions, currencies, binary data, other complex data types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnoyes
Secondary indexesnoall fields are automatically indexedrestrictednoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoKusto Query Language (KQL), SQL subsetnonoyes infofull PostgreSQL SQL syntax
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
Microsoft SQL Server communication protocol (MS-TDS)
RESTful HTTP API
HTTP API
Native Erlang Interface
.NET Client APIADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
.Net
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PowerShell
Python
R
C infounofficial client library
C#
C++ infounofficial client library
Clojure infounofficial client library
Dart infounofficial client library
Erlang
Go infounofficial client library
Groovy infounofficial client library
Haskell infounofficial client library
Java
JavaScript infounofficial client library
Lisp infounofficial client library
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala infounofficial client library
Smalltalk infounofficial client library
C#
Java
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoCoprocessors in JavaYes, possible languages: KQL, Python, RJavaScript and Erlangnouser defined functions, PL/pgSQL, PL/Tcl, PL/Perl, PL/Python, PL/Java, PL/PHP, PL/R, PL/Ruby, PL/Scheme, PL/Unix shell
Triggersyesyes infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­management/­updatepolicyyes infopre-commit hooks and post-commit hooksnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding infono "single point of failure"noneyes, across time and space (hash partitioning) attributes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
yes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.selectable replication factornoneMaster-slave replication with hot standby and reads on slaves info
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Eventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono infolinks between data sets can be storednoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)nononoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABACAzure Active Directory Authenticationnonofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
HBaseMicrosoft Azure Data ExplorerRiak KVSTSdbTimescaleDB
Specific characteristicsAzure Data Explorer is a fast and highly scalable data exploration service for log...
» more
TimescaleDB is the first open-source time-series database that combines the reliability,...
» more
Competitive advantagesKusto Query Language (innovative query language, optimized for high performance data...
» more
TimescaleDB is purpose-built to scale and handle time-series data workloads and is...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT applications IoT devices generate billions of sensor readings. Normalizing and...
» more
IoT, Industrial Machine, and Sensor Data Various industrial IoT use cases across...
» more
Key customersMicrosoft, DocuSign, Taboola, Bosch, Siemens Healthineers, Bühler, Ecolab, Zoomd
» more
Altair Engineering Inc., Bloomberg, Comcast, Cray, Cree, DNSFilter, Laika, LaunchDarkly,...
» more
Market metricsAzure Data Explorer is the data service for Azure Monitor, Azure Time Series Insights,...
» more
1.8 million+ downloads, 7,500+ Github stars
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache 2 and Timescale License (TSL); Product matrix here ; information on pricing...
» more

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More resources
HBaseMicrosoft Azure Data ExplorerRiak KVSTSdbTimescaleDB
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