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DBMS > HBase vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Riak KV vs. TempoIQ

System Properties Comparison HBase vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Riak KV vs. TempoIQ

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHBase  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Data Explorer  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonRiak KV  Xexclude from comparisonTempoIQ infoformerly TempoDB  Xexclude from comparison
TempoIQ seems to be decommissioned. It will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionWide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTableFully managed big data interactive analytics platformMicrosofts relational DBMSDistributed, fault tolerant key-value storeScalable analytics DBMS for sensor data, provided as a service (SaaS)
Primary database modelWide column storeRelational DBMS infocolumn orientedRelational DBMSKey-value store infowith links between data sets and object tags for the creation of secondary indexesTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store infoIf a column is of type dynamic docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-types/­dynamic then it's possible to add arbitrary JSON documents in this cell
Event Store infothis is the general usage pattern at Microsoft. Billing, Logs, Telemetry events are stored in ADX and the state of an individual entity is defined by the arg_max(timestamps)
Search engine infosupport for complex search expressions docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­parseoperator FTS, Geospatial docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­geo-point-to-geohash-function distributed search -> ADX acts as a distributed search engine
Time Series DBMS infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorer/­time-series-analysis
Document store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score49.11
Rank#22  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Score3.53
Rank#84  Overall
#42  Relational DBMS
Score1075.87
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score5.49
Rank#65  Overall
#10  Key-value stores
Websitehbase.apache.orgazure.microsoft.com/­services/­data-explorerwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverriak.com/­products/­riak-kvtempoiq.com (offline)
Technical documentationhbase.apache.orgdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorerdocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentation
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by PowersetMicrosoftMicrosoftBasho TechnologiesTempoIQ
Initial release20082019198920092012
Current release2.2.0, June 2019cloud service with continuous releasesSQL Server 2019, November 20192.1.0, April 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache version 2, commercial enterprise editioncommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++Erlang
Server operating systemsLinux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
hostedLinux
Windows
Linux
OS X
Data schemeschema-free, schema definition possibleFixed schema with schema-less datatypes (dynamic)yesschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateoptions to bring your own types, AVROyes infobool, datetime, dynamic, guid, int, long, real, string, timespan, double: docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-typesyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyesnono
Secondary indexesnoall fields are automatically indexedyesrestricted
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoKusto Query Language (KQL), SQL subsetyesnono
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
Microsoft SQL Server communication protocol (MS-TDS)
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
HTTP API
Native Erlang Interface
HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PowerShell
Python
R
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C infounofficial client library
C#
C++ infounofficial client library
Clojure infounofficial client library
Dart infounofficial client library
Erlang
Go infounofficial client library
Groovy infounofficial client library
Haskell infounofficial client library
Java
JavaScript infounofficial client library
Lisp infounofficial client library
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala infounofficial client library
Smalltalk infounofficial client library
C#
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoCoprocessors in JavaYes, possible languages: KQL, Python, RTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaJavaScript and Erlangno
Triggersyesyes infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­management/­updatepolicyyesyes infopre-commit hooks and post-commit hooksyes infoRealtime Alerts
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding infono "single point of failure"
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.yes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionselectable replication factor
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesno infolinks between data sets can be storedno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)noACIDnono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABACAzure Active Directory Authenticationfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnosimple authentication-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
HBaseMicrosoft Azure Data ExplorerMicrosoft SQL ServerRiak KVTempoIQ infoformerly TempoDB
Specific characteristicsAzure Data Explorer is a fast and highly scalable data exploration service for log...
» more
Competitive advantagesKusto Query Language (innovative query language, optimized for high performance data...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT applications IoT devices generate billions of sensor readings. Normalizing and...
» more
Key customersMicrosoft, DocuSign, Taboola, Bosch, Siemens Healthineers, Bühler, Ecolab, Zoomd
» more
Market metricsAzure Data Explorer is the data service for Azure Monitor, Azure Time Series Insights,...
» more

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