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DBMS > HBase vs. Microsoft Access vs. Sphinx vs. Virtuoso

System Properties Comparison HBase vs. Microsoft Access vs. Sphinx vs. Virtuoso

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHBase  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonSphinx  Xexclude from comparisonVirtuoso  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTableMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)Open source search engine for searching in data from different sources, e.g. relational databasesVirtuoso is a multi-model hybrid-RDBMS that supports management of data represented as relational tables and/or property graphs
Primary database modelWide column storeRelational DBMSSearch engineGraph DBMS
Native XML DBMS
Relational DBMS
RDF store
Search engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score49.11
Rank#22  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Score119.86
Rank#10  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Score6.45
Rank#57  Overall
#6  Search engines
Score2.65
Rank#105  Overall
#5  Graph DBMS
#3  Native XML DBMS
#51  Relational DBMS
#3  RDF stores
#9  Search engines
Websitehbase.apache.orgwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­microsoft-365/­accesssphinxsearch.comvirtuoso.openlinksw.com
Technical documentationhbase.apache.orgdeveloper.microsoft.com/­en-us/­accesssphinxsearch.com/­docsdocs.openlinksw.com/­virtuoso
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by PowersetMicrosoftSphinx Technologies Inc.OpenLink Software
Initial release2008199220011998
Current release2.2.0, June 20191902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 20193.2.1, January 20208.3, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial infoBundled with Microsoft OfficeOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial licence availableOpen Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++C++C
Server operating systemsLinux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
Windows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLsFreeBSD
Linux
NetBSD
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-free, schema definition possibleyesyesyes infoSQL - Standard relational schema
RDF - Quad (S, P, O, G) or Triple (S, P, O)
XML - DTD, XML Schema
DAV - freeform filesystem objects, plus User Defined Types a/k/a Dynamic Extension Type
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateoptions to bring your own types, AVROyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesnoyesyes infofull-text index on all search fieldsyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardSQL-like query language (SphinxQL)yes infoSQL-92, SQL-200x, SQL-3, SQLX
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
ADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
Proprietary protocolADO.NET
GeoSPARQL
HTTP API
JDBC
Jena RDF API
ODBC
OLE DB
RDF4J API
RESTful HTTP API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SOAP webservices
SPARQL 1.1
WebDAV
XPath
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
C++ infounofficial client library
Java
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby infounofficial client library
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoCoprocessors in Javayes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-enginenoyes infoVirtuoso PL
Triggersyesyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-enginenoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneSharding infoPartitioning is done manually, search queries against distributed index is supportedyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
nonenoneChain, star, and bi-directional replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)ACID infobut no files for transaction loggingnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyes infoThe original contents of fields are not stored in the Sphinx index.yes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABACno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003noFine-grained Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC) in addition to typical coarse-grained Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) according to SQL-standard. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
HBaseMicrosoft AccessSphinxVirtuoso
Specific characteristicsVirtuoso is a modern multi-model RDBMS for managing data represented as tabular relations...
» more
Competitive advantagesPerformance & Scale — as exemplified by DBpedia and the LOD Cloud it spawned, i.e.,...
» more
Typical application scenariosUsed for — Analytics/BI Conceptual Data Virtualization Enterprise Knowledge Graphs...
» more
Key customersBroad use across enterprises and governments including — European Union (EU) US Government...
» more
Market metricsLargest installed-base ​of Multi-Model RDBMS for AI-friendly Knowledge Graphs Platform...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAvailable in both Commercial Enterprise and Open Source (GPL v2) Editions Feature...
» more

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More resources
HBaseMicrosoft AccessSphinxVirtuoso
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