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DBMS > HBase vs. Microsoft Access vs. Sphinx vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison HBase vs. Microsoft Access vs. Sphinx vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHBase  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonSphinx  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTableMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)Open source search engine for searching in data from different sources, e.g. relational databasesTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelWide column storeRelational DBMSSearch engineRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score49.11
Rank#22  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Score119.86
Rank#10  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Score6.45
Rank#57  Overall
#6  Search engines
Score2.06
Rank#122  Overall
#60  Relational DBMS
Websitehbase.apache.orgproducts.office.com/­en-us/­accesssphinxsearch.compingcap.com
Technical documentationhbase.apache.orgmsdn.microsoft.com/­en-us/­library/­office/­ff604965.aspxsphinxsearch.com/­docspingcap.com/­docs
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by PowersetMicrosoftSphinx Technologies Inc.PingCAP, Inc.
Initial release2008199220012016
Current release2.2.0, June 20191902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 20193.2.1, January 20204.0.1, June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial infoBundled with Microsoft OfficeOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial licence availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++C++Go, Rust
Server operating systemsLinux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
Windows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLsFreeBSD
Linux
NetBSD
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-free, schema definition possibleyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateoptions to bring your own types, AVROyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesnoyesyes infofull-text index on all search fieldsyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardSQL-like query language (SphinxQL)yes
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
ADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
Proprietary protocolJDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
C++ infounofficial client library
Java
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby infounofficial client library
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoCoprocessors in Javayes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-enginenono
Triggersyesyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-enginenono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneSharding infoPartitioning is done manually, search queries against distributed index is supportedhorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
nonenoneUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnono infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)ACID infobut no files for transaction loggingnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyes infoThe original contents of fields are not stored in the Sphinx index.yes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABACno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003noUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
HBaseMicrosoft AccessSphinxTiDB
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesIn the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersShopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metricsInfoWorld’s 2018 Best of Open Source Software Award winners 24200+ stars on GitHub...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
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