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DBMS > HBase vs. Microsoft Access vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Sphinx

System Properties Comparison HBase vs. Microsoft Access vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Sphinx

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHBase  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonSphinx  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTableMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)Microsofts relational DBMSOpen source search engine for searching in data from different sources, e.g. relational databases
Primary database modelWide column storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMSSearch engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score49.11
Rank#22  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Score119.86
Rank#10  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Score1075.87
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score6.45
Rank#57  Overall
#6  Search engines
Websitehbase.apache.orgproducts.office.com/­en-us/­accesswww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serversphinxsearch.com
Technical documentationhbase.apache.orgmsdn.microsoft.com/­en-us/­library/­office/­ff604965.aspxdocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentationsphinxsearch.com/­docs
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by PowersetMicrosoftMicrosoftSphinx Technologies Inc.
Initial release2008199219892001
Current release2.2.0, June 20191902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 2019SQL Server 2019, November 20193.2.1, January 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial infoBundled with Microsoft Officecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial licence available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++C++C++
Server operating systemsLinux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
Windows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLsLinux
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
NetBSD
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-free, schema definition possibleyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateoptions to bring your own types, AVROyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyes infofull-text index on all search fields
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardyesSQL-like query language (SphinxQL)
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
ADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C++ infounofficial client library
Java
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby infounofficial client library
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoCoprocessors in Javayes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javano
Triggersyesyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding infoPartitioning is done manually, search queries against distributed index is supported
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
noneyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)ACID infobut no files for transaction loggingACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyesyes infoThe original contents of fields are not stored in the Sphinx index.
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABACno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno

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