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DBMS > HBase vs. LevelDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Riak KV vs. TempoIQ

System Properties Comparison HBase vs. LevelDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Riak KV vs. TempoIQ

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHBase  Xexclude from comparisonLevelDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonRiak KV  Xexclude from comparisonTempoIQ infoformerly TempoDB  Xexclude from comparison
TempoIQ seems to be decommissioned. It will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionWide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTableEmbeddable fast key-value storage library that provides an ordered mapping from string keys to string valuesMicrosofts relational DBMSDistributed, fault tolerant key-value storeScalable analytics DBMS for sensor data, provided as a service (SaaS)
Primary database modelWide column storeKey-value storeRelational DBMSKey-value store infowith links between data sets and object tags for the creation of secondary indexesTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score49.11
Rank#22  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Score3.13
Rank#95  Overall
#18  Key-value stores
Score1075.87
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score5.49
Rank#65  Overall
#10  Key-value stores
Websitehbase.apache.orggithub.com/­google/­leveldbwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverriak.com/­products/­riak-kvtempoiq.com (offline)
Technical documentationhbase.apache.orggithub.com/­google/­leveldb/­blob/­master/­doc/­index.mddocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentation
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by PowersetGoogleMicrosoftBasho TechnologiesTempoIQ
Initial release20082011198920092012
Current release2.2.0, June 20191.22, May 2019SQL Server 2019, November 20192.1.0, April 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoBSDcommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache version 2, commercial enterprise editioncommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++C++Erlang
Server operating systemsLinux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
Illumos
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Windows
Linux
OS X
Data schemeschema-free, schema definition possibleschema-freeyesschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateoptions to bring your own types, AVROnoyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesnono
Secondary indexesnonoyesrestricted
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyesnono
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
HTTP API
Native Erlang Interface
HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
C++
Go
Java info3rd party binding
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Python info3rd party binding
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C infounofficial client library
C#
C++ infounofficial client library
Clojure infounofficial client library
Dart infounofficial client library
Erlang
Go infounofficial client library
Groovy infounofficial client library
Haskell infounofficial client library
Java
JavaScript infounofficial client library
Lisp infounofficial client library
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala infounofficial client library
Smalltalk infounofficial client library
C#
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoCoprocessors in JavanoTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaJavaScript and Erlangno
Triggersyesnoyesyes infopre-commit hooks and post-commit hooksyes infoRealtime Alerts
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding infono "single point of failure"
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
noneyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionselectable replication factor
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesno infolinks between data sets can be storedno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)noACIDnono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infowith automatic compression on writesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABACnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnosimple authentication-based access control

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More resources
HBaseLevelDBMicrosoft SQL ServerRiak KVTempoIQ infoformerly TempoDB
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