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DBMS > HBase vs. Impala vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

System Properties Comparison HBase vs. Impala vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHBase  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTableAnalytic DBMS for HadoopElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL Server
Primary database modelWide column storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score45.54
Rank#25  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Score18.71
Rank#38  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score17.98
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Websitehbase.apache.orgwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analytics
Technical documentationhbase.apache.orgdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analytics
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by PowersetClouderaMicrosoft
Initial release200820132016
Current release2.3.4, January 20213.4.0, April 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Cloudera Operational Database: Cloud-native autonomous Apache HBase for unparalleled scale, performance and reliability. Automate and simplify database management with capabilities like auto-scale, auto-heal, and auto-tune.
Implementation languageJavaC++C++
Server operating systemsLinux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
Linuxhosted
Data schemeschema-free, schema definition possibleyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateoptions to bring your own types, AVROyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC#
Java
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoCoprocessors in Javayes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceTransact SQL
Triggersyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factoryes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraints
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)noACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABACAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosyes
More information provided by the system vendor
HBaseImpalaMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse
Specific characteristicsApache HBase is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well suited...
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Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures very high availability with multiple customers...
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Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
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Key customersApple, Salesforce, Cerner, Allegis Group, Bloomberg, Airtel, Thomson Reuters, Dish,...
» more
Market metrics#1 largest NoSQL database by revenue
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license P ricing for commercial distribution provided by Cloudera and available...
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More resources
HBaseImpalaMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse
DB-Engines blog posts

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