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DBMS > HBase vs. IBM Cloudant vs. MongoDB

System Properties Comparison HBase vs. IBM Cloudant vs. MongoDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHBase  Xexclude from comparisonIBM Cloudant  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTableDatabase as a Service offering based on Apache CouchDBOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructure
Primary database modelWide column storeDocument storeDocument store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score45.54
Rank#25  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Score3.84
Rank#88  Overall
#15  Document stores
Score484.67
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Websitehbase.apache.orgwww.ibm.com/­cloud/­cloudantwww.mongodb.com
Technical documentationhbase.apache.orgcloud.ibm.com/­docs/­Cloudantdocs.mongodb.com/­manual
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by PowersetIBM, Apache Software Foundation infoIBM acquired Cloudant in February 2014MongoDB, Inc
Initial release200820102009
Current release2.3.4, January 20215.0, July 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Cloudera Operational Database: Cloud-native autonomous Apache HBase for unparalleled scale, performance and reliability. Automate and simplify database management with capabilities like auto-scale, auto-heal, and auto-tune.
  • MongoDB Atlas: Global multi-cloud database with unmatched data distribution and mobility across AWS, Azure, and Google Cloud, built-in automation for resource and workload optimization, and so much more.
  • ScaleGrid for MongoDB: Fully managed hosting for MongoDB database on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageJavaErlangC++
Server operating systemsLinux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
hostedLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-free, schema definition possibleschema-freeschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateoptions to bring your own types, AVROnoyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatial
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BI
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIproprietary protocol using JSON
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
C#
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Ruby
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoCoprocessors in JavaView functions (Map-Reduce) in JavaScriptJavaScript
Triggersyesyesyes infoin MongoDB Atlas only
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possible
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)no infoatomic operations within a document possibleMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolation
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoOptimistic lockingyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infooptional, enabled by default
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABACAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
HBaseIBM CloudantMongoDB
Specific characteristicsApache HBase is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well suited...
» more
MongoDB’s application data platform provides developers a unified interface to power...
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Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures very high availability with multiple customers...
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The MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
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Internet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
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Key customersApple, Salesforce, Cerner, Allegis Group, Bloomberg, Airtel, Thomson Reuters, Dish,...
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ADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Market metrics#1 largest NoSQL database by revenue
» more
175 million downloads, over 1.5M Atlas database clusters under management handling...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license P ricing for commercial distribution provided by Cloudera and available...
» more
MongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more

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More resources
HBaseIBM CloudantMongoDB
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