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DBMS > HBase vs. Hive vs. OceanBase

System Properties Comparison HBase vs. Hive vs. OceanBase

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHBase  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparisonOceanBase  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTabledata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopA distributed, high available RDBMS compatible with Oracle and MySQL
Primary database modelWide column storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score27.97
Rank#26  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Score59.76
Rank#18  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Score1.57
Rank#149  Overall
#69  Relational DBMS
Websitehbase.apache.orghive.apache.orgen.oceanbase.com
Technical documentationhbase.apache.org/­book.htmlcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homeen.oceanbase.com/­docs/­oceanbase-database
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by PowersetApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookOceanBase infopreviously Alibaba and Ant Group
Initial release200820122010
Current release2.3.4, January 20213.1.3, April 20224.3.0, April 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoCommercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJavaC++
Server operating systemsLinux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
All OS with a Java VMLinux
Data schemeschema-free, schema definition possibleyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateoptions to bring your own types, AVROyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Proprietary native API
Table API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
C++
Java
PHP
Python
Ada infoin MySQL-compatible model
C infoin Oracle- and MySQL- compatible models
C++ infoin Oracle- and MySQL- compatible models
D infoin MySQL-compatible model
Delphi infoin MySQL-compatible model
Eiffel infoin MySQL-compatible model
Erlang infoin MySQL-compatible model
Haskell infoin MySQL-compatible model
Java infoin Oracle- and MySQL- compatible models
JavaScript (Node.js) infoin MySQL-compatible model
Objective-C infoin MySQL-compatible model
OCaml infoin MySQL-compatible model
Perl infoin MySQL-compatible model
PHP infoin MySQL-compatible model
Python infoin MySQL-compatible model
Ruby infoin MySQL-compatible model
Scheme infoin MySQL-compatible model
Tcl infoin MySQL-compatible model
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoCoprocessors in Javayes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reducePL/SQL in oracle-compatible mode, MySQL Stored Procedure in mysql-compatible mode
Triggersyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardinghorizontal partitioning (by hash, key, range, range columns, list, and list columns)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factorMulti-source replication using Paxos
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)noACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABACAccess rights for users, groups and rolesAccess rights for users, groups and roles according to SQL-standard

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HBaseHiveOceanBase
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