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DBMS > HBase vs. Hive vs. Impala

System Properties Comparison HBase vs. Hive vs. Impala

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHBase  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTabledata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopAnalytic DBMS for Hadoop
Primary database modelWide column storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score42.45
Rank#26  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Score78.66
Rank#17  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Score17.56
Rank#40  Overall
#25  Relational DBMS
Websitehbase.apache.orghive.apache.orgwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.html
Technical documentationhbase.apache.orgcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homedocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.html
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by PowersetApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookCloudera
Initial release200820122013
Current release2.3.4, January 20213.1.2, August 20194.0.0, July 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJavaC++
Server operating systemsLinux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
All OS with a Java VMLinux
Data schemeschema-free, schema definition possibleyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateoptions to bring your own types, AVROyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like DML and DDL statementsSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
C++
Java
PHP
Python
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoCoprocessors in Javayes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduce
Triggersyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factorselectable replication factor
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes infoquery execution via MapReduceyes infoquery execution via MapReduce
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)nono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABACAccess rights for users, groups and rolesAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberos

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HBaseHiveImpala
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