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DBMS > HBase vs. Hive

System Properties Comparison HBase vs. Hive

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHBase  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTabledata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on Hadoop
Primary database modelWide column storeRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score41.66
Rank#26  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Score80.60
Rank#17  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Websitehbase.apache.orghive.apache.org
Technical documentationhbase.apache.orgcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Home
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by PowersetApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by Facebook
Initial release20082012
Current release2.3.4, January 20213.1.3, April 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJava
Server operating systemsLinux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
All OS with a Java VM
Data schemeschema-free, schema definition possibleyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateoptions to bring your own types, AVROyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
C++
Java
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoCoprocessors in Javayes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduce
Triggersyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factor
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes infoquery execution via MapReduce
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)no
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABACAccess rights for users, groups and roles

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