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DBMS > H2GIS vs. Impala vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage vs. TinkerGraph vs. XTDB

System Properties Comparison H2GIS vs. Impala vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage vs. TinkerGraph vs. XTDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameH2GIS  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Table Storage  Xexclude from comparisonTinkerGraph  Xexclude from comparisonXTDB infoformerly named Crux  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionSpatial extension of H2Analytic DBMS for HadoopA Wide Column Store for rapid development using massive semi-structured datasetsA lightweight, in-memory graph engine that serves as a reference implementation of the TinkerPop3 APIA general purpose database with bitemporal SQL and Datalog and graph queries
Primary database modelSpatial DBMSRelational DBMSWide column storeGraph DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsRelational DBMSDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.04
Rank#324  Overall
#4  Spatial DBMS
Score18.46
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score5.42
Rank#72  Overall
#5  Wide column stores
Score0.12
Rank#306  Overall
#29  Graph DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#351  Overall
#49  Document stores
Websitewww.h2gis.orgwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­storage/­tablestinkerpop.apache.org/­docs/­current/­reference/­#tinkergraph-gremlingithub.com/­xtdb/­xtdb
xtdb.com
Technical documentationwww.h2gis.org/­docs/­homedocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmlxtdb.com/­docs
DeveloperCNRSClouderaMicrosoftJuxt Ltd.
Initial release20132013201220092019
Current release4.0.0, July 20211.19, September 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoLGPL 3.0Open Source infoApache Version 2commercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoMIT License
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++JavaClojure
Server operating systemsLinuxhostedAll OS with a Java 8 (and higher) VM
Linux
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes, extensible-data-notation format
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonononono
Secondary indexesyesyesnonoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like DML and DDL statementsnonolimited SQL, making use of Apache Calcite
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP APITinkerPop 3HTTP REST
JDBC
Supported programming languagesJavaAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Groovy
Java
Clojure
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infobased on H2yes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reducenonono
Triggersyesnononono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infobased on H2selectable replication factoryes infoimplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.noneyes, each node contains all data
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoquery execution via MapReducenonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistencynone
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonoyes infoRelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnooptimistic lockingnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyesnoyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesoptionalyes, flexibel persistency by using storage technologies like Apache Kafka, RocksDB or LMDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyes infobased on H2Access rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and KerberosAccess rights based on private key authentication or shared access signaturesno

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More resources
H2GISImpalaMicrosoft Azure Table StorageTinkerGraphXTDB infoformerly named Crux
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