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DBMS > H2 vs. TypeDB vs. XTDB

System Properties Comparison H2 vs. TypeDB vs. XTDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameH2  Xexclude from comparisonTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn  Xexclude from comparisonXTDB infoformerly named Crux  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.TypeDB is a strongly-typed database with a rich and logical type system and TypeQL as its query languageA general purpose database with bitemporal SQL and Datalog and graph queries
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Document store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score8.33
Rank#46  Overall
#30  Relational DBMS
Score0.70
Rank#230  Overall
#20  Graph DBMS
#106  Relational DBMS
Score0.18
Rank#332  Overall
#46  Document stores
Websitewww.h2database.comtypedb.comgithub.com/­xtdb/­xtdb
www.xtdb.com
Technical documentationwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmltypedb.com/­docswww.xtdb.com/­docs
DeveloperThomas MuellerVaticleJuxt Ltd.
Initial release200520162019
Current release2.2.220, July 20232.26.3, January 20241.19, September 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)Open Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoMIT License
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJavaClojure
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java 8 (and higher) VM
Linux
Data schemeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes, extensible-data-notation format
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnolimited SQL, making use of Apache Calcite
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
gRPC protocol
TypeDB Console (shell)
TypeDB Studio (Visualisation software- previously TypeDB Workbase)
HTTP REST
JDBC
Supported programming languagesJavaAll JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
Clojure
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined Functionsnono
Triggersyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoby using Cassandranone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databaseMulti-source replication infoby using Cassandrayes, each node contains all data
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeeperno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesno infosubstituted by the relationship featureno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes, flexibel persistency by using storage technologies like Apache Kafka, RocksDB or LMDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progress
More information provided by the system vendor
H2TypeDB infoformerly named GraknXTDB infoformerly named Crux
Specific characteristicsTypeDB is a polymorphic database with a conceptual data model, a strong subtyping...
» more
Competitive advantagesTypeDB provides a new level of expressivity, extensibility, interoperability, and...
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : TypeDB makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache f or language drivers, and AGPL and Commercial for the database server. The...
» more

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More resources
H2TypeDB infoformerly named GraknXTDB infoformerly named Crux
Recent citations in the news

An Enterprise Data Stack Using TypeDB | by Daniel Crowe
2 September 2021, Towards Data Science

Spacecraft Engineering Models: How to Migrate UML to TypeQL
8 September 2021, hackernoon.com

Speedb Goes Open Source With Its Speedb Data Engine, A Drop-in Replacement for RocksDB
9 November 2022, Business Wire

Modelling Biomedical Data for a Drug Discovery Knowledge Graph
6 October 2020, Towards Data Science

How Roche Discovered Novel Potential Gene Targets with TypeDB
8 June 2021, Towards Data Science

provided by Google News



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