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DBMS > H2 vs. RocksDB vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison H2 vs. RocksDB vs. SQLite

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameH2  Xexclude from comparisonRocksDB  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Embeddable persistent key-value store optimized for fast storage (flash and RAM)Widely used embeddable, in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score8.22
Rank#50  Overall
#32  Relational DBMS
Score4.00
Rank#84  Overall
#11  Key-value stores
Score116.01
Rank#10  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.h2database.comrocksdb.orgwww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmlgithub.com/­facebook/­rocksdb/­wikiwww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
DeveloperThomas MuellerFacebook, Inc.Dwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release200520132000
Current release2.2.220, July 20239.0.0, February 20243.45.2  (12 March 2024), March 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)Open Source infoBSDOpen Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++C
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinuxserver-less
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnoyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
C++ API
Java API
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languagesJavaC
C++
Go
Java
Perl
Python
Ruby
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined Functionsnono
Triggersyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioningnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databaseyesnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyesACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnono

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Related products and services
3rd partiesSpeedb: A high performance RocksDB-compliant key-value store optimized for write-intensive workloads.
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Navicat for SQLite is a powerful and comprehensive SQLite GUI that provides a complete set of functions for database management and development.
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