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DBMS > H2 vs. PouchDB vs. TypeDB

System Properties Comparison H2 vs. PouchDB vs. TypeDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameH2  Xexclude from comparisonPouchDB  Xexclude from comparisonTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.JavaScript DBMS with an API inspired by CouchDBTypeDB provides developers with an expressive, customizable type system to manage their data using an award-winning query language, TypeQL, while building on a high-performance, distributed architecture.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeGraph DBMS infoThe type-theoretic data model of TypeDB subsumes the graph database model.
Object oriented DBMS infoThe data model of TypeDB comprises object-oriented features such as class inheritance and interfaces.
Relational DBMS infoThe type-theoretic data model of TypeDB subsumes the relational database model.
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score8.33
Rank#46  Overall
#30  Relational DBMS
Score2.34
Rank#112  Overall
#21  Document stores
Score0.70
Rank#230  Overall
#20  Graph DBMS
#8  Object oriented DBMS
#106  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.h2database.compouchdb.comtypedb.com
Technical documentationwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmlpouchdb.com/­guidestypedb.com/­docs
DeveloperThomas MuellerApache Software FoundationVaticle
Initial release200520122016
Current release2.2.220, July 20237.1.1, June 20192.28.3, June 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJavaScriptJava
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia viewsyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnono
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
HTTP REST infoonly for PouchDB Server
JavaScript API
gRPC protocol
TypeDB Console (shell)
TypeDB Studio (IDE)
Supported programming languagesJavaJavaScriptAll JVM based languages
C
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Rust
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined FunctionsView functions in JavaScriptno
Triggersyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infowith a proxy-based framework, named couchdb-loungeno
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databaseMulti-source replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
Source-replica replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
Synchronous replication via raft
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnono infosubstituted by the relationship feature
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoby using IndexedDB, WebSQL or LevelDB as backendyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progress
More information provided by the system vendor
H2PouchDBTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
Specific characteristicsTypeDB is a polymorphic database with a conceptual data model, a strong subtyping...
» more
Competitive advantagesTypeDB provides a new level of expressivity, extensibility, interoperability, and...
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : TypeDB makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache f or language drivers, and AGPL and Commercial for the database server. The...
» more

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More resources
H2PouchDBTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
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