DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the hard real time dbmsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > H2 vs. Percona Server for MongoDB vs. PostgreSQL vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison H2 vs. Percona Server for MongoDB vs. PostgreSQL vs. SQLite

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameH2  Xexclude from comparisonPercona Server for MongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.A drop-in replacement for MongoDB Community Edition with enterprise-grade features.Widely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLWidely used embeddable, in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score9.83
Rank#51  Overall
#31  Relational DBMS
Score0.64
Rank#215  Overall
#33  Document stores
Score615.29
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score134.73
Rank#10  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.h2database.comwww.percona.com/­software/­mongodb/­percona-server-for-mongodbwww.postgresql.orgwww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmlwww.percona.com/­doc/­percona-server-for-mongodb/­LATEST/­index.htmlwww.postgresql.org/­docswww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
DeveloperThomas MuellerPerconaPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerDwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release200520151989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL2000
Current release2.1.210, January 20223.4.10-2.10, November 201714.3, May 20223.38.4  (4 May 2022), May 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)Open Source infoGPL Version 2Open Source infoBSDOpen Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageJavaC++CC
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinuxFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
server-less
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.no
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnoyes infostandard with numerous extensionsyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol using JSONADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languagesJavaActionscript
C
C#
C++
Clojure
ColdFusion
D
Dart
Delphi
Erlang
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Perl
PHP
PowerShell
Prolog
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Smalltalk
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined FunctionsJavaScriptuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.no
Triggersyesnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databaseSource-replica replicationSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyesyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infovia In-Memory Enginenoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesDatasentinel: Platform for Monitoring and Analyzing the performance problems of your PostgreSQL Clusters
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

CYBERTEC is your professional partner for PostgreSQL services and Data Science since 2000. With offices in Austria, Uruguay, Estonia, Poland, South Africa and Switzerland, CYBERTEC operates worldwide and is here for you 24/7!
» more

pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

Instaclustr: Fully Hosted & Managed PostgreSQL
» more

EDB: BigAnimal is fully-managed PostgreSQL in the cloud from the database fanatics at EDB.
» more

Percona: Database problems? Not on your watch.
Databases run better with Percona.
» more

Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more
Navicat for SQLite is a powerful and comprehensive SQLite GUI that provides a complete set of functions for database management and development.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
H2Percona Server for MongoDBPostgreSQLSQLite
DB-Engines blog posts

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2021
3 January 2022, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Driving the Future of PostgreSQL Adoption
15 November 2021,  Umair Shahid, Percona (sponsor) 

The Inexorable Rise of PostgreSQL
24 September 2021,  Matt Yonkovit, Percona (sponsor) 

show all

Big gains for Relational Database Management Systems in DB-Engines Ranking
2 February 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

Percona Platform aims to boost open source database support
18 May 2022, TechTarget

We have bigger targets than beating Oracle, say open source DB pioneers
25 May 2022, The Register

insideBIGDATA Latest News – 5/24/2022
24 May 2022, insideBIGDATA

Percona Delivers Open Source In-Memory Storage Engine for Percona Server for MongoDB
20 August 2016, insideBIGDATA

Why Percona wants your database to be open source, and not everyone is happy about it
14 September 2020, TechRepublic

provided by Google News

Google Cloud launches AlloyDB, a new fully managed PostgreSQL database service
11 May 2022, TechCrunch

PostgreSQL 15 Beta Released
23 May 2022, iProgrammer

Review: YugabyteDB does PostgreSQL proud
16 May 2022, InfoWorld

Why Run Postgres in Kubernetes?
5 May 2022, Container Journal

Microsoft Azure Vulnerability Exposes PostgreSQL Databases to Other Customers
28 April 2022, The Hacker News

provided by Google News

Cloudflare D1 Provides Distributed SQLite for Cloudflare Workers
25 May 2022, InfoQ.com

Why SQLite may become foundational for digital progress
20 May 2022, VentureBeat

Cloudflare launches instant serverless database for dev teams
16 May 2022, IT Brief New Zealand

Operational Database Management Systems Software Market List of Companies Experiencing Historical Growth Along with SWOT Analysis and Industry Outlook|Top key players: Oracle
25 May 2022, Digital Journal

RDBMS Software Market 2022 Report Covers Top Key Players Profiling – Oracle, TmaxSoft, FrontBase, SolarWinds IT Operations Management, SQLite, PostgreSQL Global Development Group – ManufactureLink
26 May 2022, ManufactureLink

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

MySQL DBA I
Percona, Remote

Software Engineer
DataDog, New York, NY

Database Administrator 4
DELUXE CORPORATION, Minneapolis, MN

Associate Support Engineer (North America)
MariaDB Corporation Ab, Remote

Database Administrator 4
DELUXE CORPORATION, Kansas City, MO

PostgreSQL (Any NO/SQL Database–Redis/MongoDB) Las Vegas, NV/ST. LOUIS, MO
Emonics LLC, Las Vegas, NV

PostgreSQL (Any NO/SQL Database-Redis/MongoDB) ST. LOUIS, MO/Las Vegas, NV
Emonics LLC, St. Louis, MO

Database Administrator (PostgreSQL)
Volto Consulting, Remote

PostgreSQL Database Administrator
Xtivia Inc, Remote

Database Administrator (PostgreSQL)
Business Intelli Solutions, Remote

MS SQL Server Developer
K-TEK RESOURCING, Remote

Jr. QA Analyst Trainee
SQA², Los Alamitos, CA

Full Stack Developer
Web Services, Remote

C# Independent Contractor
Mail Services, LLC, Urbandale, IA

Jr. QA Analyst Trainee
SQA², Denton, TX

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

Vertica logo

Vertica Accelerator. The fastest analytics and machine learning, delivered as SaaS, with automated setup, administration, and management. Free trial.

The definitive guide for Cassandra

Imagine What You Could Do if Scalability Wasn‘t a Problem!
Download the Cassandra e-book for free!

Present your product here