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DBMS > H2 vs. Oracle vs. RethinkDB vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison H2 vs. Oracle vs. RethinkDB vs. SQLite

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameH2  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonRethinkDB  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Widely used RDBMSDBMS for the Web with a mechanism to push updated query results to applications in realtime.Widely used embeddable, in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score9.92
Rank#48  Overall
#30  Relational DBMS
Score1272.73
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score3.20
Rank#100  Overall
#18  Document stores
Score129.80
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.h2database.comwww.oracle.com/­databaserethinkdb.comwww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmldocs.oracle.com/­en/­databaserethinkdb.com/­docswww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
DeveloperThomas MuellerOracleThe Linux Foundation infosince July 2017Dwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release2005198020092000
Current release1.4.200, October 201919c, February 20192.4.1, August 20203.36.0  (18 June 2021), June 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)commercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC and C++C++C
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Linux
OS X
Windows
server-less
Data schemeyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsschema-freeyes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infostring, binary, float, bool, date, geometryyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsnoyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languagesJavaC
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
C infocommunity-supported driver
C# infocommunity-supported driver
C++ infocommunity-supported driver
Clojure infocommunity-supported driver
Dart infocommunity-supported driver
Erlang infocommunity-supported driver
Go infocommunity-supported driver
Haskell infocommunity-supported driver
Java infoofficial driver
JavaScript (Node.js) infoofficial driver
Lisp infocommunity-supported driver
Lua infocommunity-supported driver
Objective-C infocommunity-supported driver
Perl infocommunity-supported driver
PHP infocommunity-supported driver
Python infoofficial driver
Ruby infoofficial driver
Scala infocommunity-supported driver
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined FunctionsPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleno
TriggersyesyesClient-side triggers through changefeedsyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding, horizontal partitioningSharding inforange basednone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databaseMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocan be realized in PL/SQLyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedAtomic single-document operationsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes infoMVCC basedyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes infousers and table-level permissionsno

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