DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > H2 vs. MySQL vs. TypeDB vs. Yandex Database (YDB)

System Properties Comparison H2 vs. MySQL vs. TypeDB vs. Yandex Database (YDB)

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameH2  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn  Xexclude from comparisonYandex Database (YDB)  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Widely used open source RDBMSTypeDB is a strongly-typed database with a rich and logical type system and TypeQL as its query languageA distributed fault-tolerant database service, with high availability, scalability, immediate consistency and ACID transactions and providing an Amazon DynamoDB compatible API
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Document store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score9.81
Rank#51  Overall
#31  Relational DBMS
Score1202.85
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score0.82
Rank#194  Overall
#18  Graph DBMS
#91  Relational DBMS
Score0.49
Rank#244  Overall
#38  Document stores
#117  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.h2database.comwww.mysql.comvaticle.comcloud.yandex.com/­en/­services/­ydb
github.com/­ydb-platform/­ydb
ydb.tech
Technical documentationwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmldev.mysql.com/­docdocs.vaticle.comcloud.yandex.com/­en/­docs/­managed-ydb
ydb.tech/­en/­docs
DeveloperThomas MuellerOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunVaticle (formerly Grakn Labs)Yandex
Initial release2005199520162019
Current release2.1.210, January 20228.0.30, July 20222.11.0, June 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0; commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageJavaC and C++Java
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesyesyesFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsnoSQL-like query language (YQL)
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
gRPC protocol
TypeDB Console (shell)
TypeDB Studio (Visualisation software- previously TypeDB Workbase)
RESTful HTTP API (DynamoDB compatible)
Supported programming languagesJavaAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
All JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined Functionsyes infoproprietary syntaxnono
Triggersyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL FabricSharding infoby using CassandraSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databaseMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication infoby using CassandraActive-passive shard replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeeperno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineno infosubstituted by the relationship featureno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progressAccess rights defined for Yandex Cloud users
More information provided by the system vendor
H2MySQLTypeDB infoformerly named GraknYandex Database (YDB)
Specific characteristicsMeet TypeDB (and TypeQL ) TypeDB is a strongly-typed database with a rich and logical...
» more
Competitive advantagesEntity-Relationship Model TypeDB allows you to model your domain using the well-known...
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : TypeDB makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesDbVisualizer is equipping database professionals with the tools they need to build, manage and maintain state-of-the-art database technologies. It has sky-high user satisfaction and is the preferred tool for database professionals around the world. Customers include Tesla, Apple, Facebook, Deutsche Bank, NASA, and 25,000 others in 145 countries.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

Navicat for MySQL is the ideal solution for MySQL/MariaDB administration and development.
» more

Percona: Database problems? Not on your watch.
Databases run better with Percona.
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

Arctype: A fast, beautiful database GUI for developers and teams. Download it for free today.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
H2MySQLTypeDB infoformerly named GraknYandex Database (YDB)
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

MariaDB strengthens its position in the open source RDBMS market
5 April 2018, Matthias Gelbmann

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

PlanetScale takes MySQL to the next level with cloud-native capabilities and improved scalability
8 August 2022, SiliconANGLE News

3 Ways to install MySQL Workbench on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS Linux
9 August 2022, Linux Shout

5 Strategies for Working with High Loads in MySQL
26 July 2022, Techstory

MySQL/Postgres DBA
6 August 2022, IT-Online

Amazon takes RDS performance, scalability and durability to the next level
9 August 2022, The Register

provided by Google News

Data leak from Russian delivery app shows dining habits of the secret police
3 April 2022, The Verge

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

MySQL Admin
TechOkaya, Irving, TX

A&R Representative
OtterTune, United States

Front End UI Developer
Margin5 Solutions Inc, Remote

PHP/MySQL Developer
VS Media Inc, United States

PHP/MySQL Developer
VS Media, Westlake Village, CA

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Neo4j logo

The right graph database.
Not a graph add-on.
Free forever.
Start solving today

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Vertica logo

Vertica Accelerator. The fastest analytics and machine learning, delivered as SaaS, with automated setup, administration, and management. Free trial.

Present your product here