DBMS > H2 vs. MySQL vs. TypeDB
System Properties Comparison H2 vs. MySQL vs. TypeDB
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||H2 Xexclude from comparison||MySQL Xexclude from comparison||TypeDB formerly named Grakn Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||Full-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.||Widely used open source RDBMS||TypeDB is a strongly-typed database with a rich and logical type system and TypeQL as its query language|
|Primary database model||Relational DBMS||Relational DBMS Key/Value like access via memcached API||Graph DBMS|
Relational DBMS Often described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
|Secondary database models||Spatial DBMS||Document store|
|Developer||Thomas Mueller||Oracle since 2010, originally MySQL AB, then Sun||Vaticle (formerly Grakn Labs)|
|Current release||2.1.210, January 2022||8.0.29, April 2022||2.8.1, April 2022|
|License Commercial or Open Source||Open Source dual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)||Open Source GPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are available||Open Source GPL Version 3, commercial licenses available|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||no||no|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
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|Implementation language||Java||C and C++||Java|
|Server operating systems||All OS with a Java VM||FreeBSD|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||yes||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||no||yes||no|
|SQL Support of SQL||yes||yes with proprietary extensions||no|
|APIs and other access methods||JDBC|
Proprietary native API
TypeDB Console (shell)
TypeDB Studio (Visualisation software- previously TypeDB Workbase)
|Supported programming languages||Java||Ada|
|All JVM based languages|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||Java Stored Procedures and User-Defined Functions||yes proprietary syntax||no|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||none||horizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabric||Sharding by using Cassandra|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||With clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a database||Multi-source replication|
|Multi-source replication by using Cassandra|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||no||yes by using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeeper|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||yes||yes not for MyISAM storage engine||no substituted by the relationship feature|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID||ACID not for MyISAM storage engine||ACID|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)||yes table locks or row locks depending on storage engine||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||yes|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||yes||yes||no|
|User concepts Access control||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||Users with fine-grained authorization concept no user groups or roles||yes at REST API level; other APIs in progress|
|More information provided by the system vendor|
|H2||MySQL||TypeDB formerly named Grakn|
|Specific characteristics||Meet TypeDB (and TypeQL ) TypeDB is a strongly-typed database with a rich and logical...|
|Competitive advantages||Entity-Relationship Model TypeDB allows you to model your domain using the well-known...|
|Typical application scenarios||Life sciences : TypeDB makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...|
|Licensing and pricing models||AGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...|
We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
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|H2||MySQL||TypeDB formerly named Grakn|
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